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XBP-1 is a CREB/ATF family transcription factor highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinomas. Here we report that XBP-1 is essential for liver growth. Mice lacking XBP-1 displayed hypoplastic fetal livers, whose reduced hematopoiesis resulted in death from anemia. Nevertheless, XBP-1-deficient hematopoietic progenitors had no cell-autonomous defect in(More)
Globin genes are regulated in a tissue-specific and developmental stage-specific manner, with the beta-globin gene being the last to be activated in the beta-gene cluster. CACCC-nucleotide sequences, which bind multiple nuclear proteins, including ubiquitously expressed Sp1 and erythroid Krüppel-like factor (EKLF), are among the cis-regulatory sequences(More)
There are two waves of erythropoiesis, known as primitive and definitive waves in mammals and lower vertebrates including zebrafish. The founding member of the Kruppel-like factor (KLF) family of CACCC-box binding proteins, EKLF/Klf1, is essential for definitive erythropoiesis in mammals but only plays a minor role in primitive erythropoiesis. Morpholino(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults frequently evidence both neurocognitive and psychiatric dysfunction. It was hypothesized that apathy and irritability, but not anxiety and depression, are related to HIV effects on frontal-subcortical systems. This hypothesis was evaluated by determining the degree to which these psychiatric features are(More)
The 1991 reforms to the UK NHS created a group of buyers of hospital care from amongst primary care physicians. The implementation of the reforms was such that these buyers had incentives to increase their use of hospital services prior to entering the scheme in order to inflate their budgets. It has been argued that non-financial motives would limit such(More)
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