Adam P. Curnock

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A protein with high affinity (Kd 12 nM) for the immunomodulatory compound A77 1726 has been isolated from mouse spleen and identified as the mitochondrial enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (EC The purified protein had a pI 9.6-9.8 and a subunit Mr of 43,000. Peptides derived from the mouse protein displayed high microsequence similarity to human(More)
Cells of the Epstein-Barr virus genome-negative Ramos-Burkitt lymphoma (Ramos-BL) B cell line can be rescued from antigen receptor (AgR)-triggered growth inhibition and apoptosis by signals transduced through their surface CD40. This study investigates whether phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase), which has been reported to be intimately involved in(More)
The role of chemokines in mediating directional cell migration is well established, but more recently it has become evident that chemokines are able to couple to distinct signalling pathways that are involved in not only chemotaxis, but also cell growth and transcriptional activation. The signalling pathway controlled by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)(More)
Interleukin-2 inducible T-cell kinase (Itk) plays a role in T-cell functions, and its inhibition potentially represents an attractive intervention point to treat autoimmune and allergic diseases. Herein we describe the discovery of a series of potent and selective novel inhibitors of Itk. These inhibitors were identified by structure-based design, starting(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 are a multifunctional chemokine/receptor system with essential roles in the development of the immune system and other aspects of embryogenesis, including vascularization and organ development. SDF-1 is also a potent chemoattractant for T cells and has roles in both inflammation and immune(More)
The relative anti-inflammatory activities of the immunomodulators HR325 and leflunomide, or its active metabolite A77 1726, were examined by determining potencies in vitro on prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthase (PGHS) and in vivo in rat air pouch inflammation. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were used as comparators. HR325 was more potent(More)
The identification of a novel series of PKCθ inhibitors and subsequent optimization using docking based on a crystal structure of PKCθ is described. SAR was rapidly generated around an amino pyridine-ketone hit; (6-aminopyridin-2-yl)(2-aminopyridin-3-yl)methanone 2 leading to compound 21 which significantly inhibits production of IL-2 in a mouse SEB-IL2(More)
Protein kinase C θ (PKCθ) has a central role in T cell activation and survival; however, the dependency of T cell responses to the inhibition of this enzyme appears to be dictated by the nature of the antigen and by the inflammatory environment. Studies in PKCθ-deficient mice have demonstrated that while antiviral responses are PKCθ-independent, T cell(More)
A combination of pharmacological, biochemical, molecular and genetic evidence supports a key role for phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and its associated signalling cascade in cell migration in response to members of the chemokine family. PI3Ks can be divided into three main classes on the basis of their in vitro lipid substrate specificity, structure and(More)