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The present study investigated the effect of prenatal dexamethasone (Dex) exposure on early perinatal events, hippocampal function, and response to stress. Pregnant rats received Dex in the evening water (2.5 microg/ml) or tap water (Veh) from gestational day 15 until delivery. On the day of parturition, pups were randomized, cross-fostered, and reduced to(More)
Epidemiological and experimental evidence indicates that oestrogens are involved in the carcinogenic promotion of human breast cancer. We have undertaken a pilot trial of tamoxifen, an anti-oestrogen, compared to placebo given to 200 women at a high risk of developing breast cancer. The results of this trial show that acute toxicity is low and that accrual(More)
Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is an unusual histological pattern of non-invasive neoplastic disease of the breast occurring predominantly in women aged between 40 and 50 years. LCIS is frequently multicentric and bilateral, and there is evidence that it is associated with an elevated familial risk of breast cancer. Although women with LCIS suffer an(More)
Of ten tumour markers measured every 3 months after mastectomy in patients with apparently localised primary breast cancer, plasma levels of alkaline phosphatase, carcinoembryonic antigen, and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase were the most useful in detecting metastatic disease. With these three tests a "lead interval" of 3 months or more was obtained in about(More)
42 patients with metastatic breast carcinoma were treated with aminoglutethimide, which inhibits adrenal steroid hormone synthesis. Treatment was stopped in 2 patients before response could be assessed; of the other 40, 15 (37.5%) had an objective response, 1 (2.5%) showed a response in bone but not in soft tissue, and 4 (10%) had complete or very great(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous work has suggested that the granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-GM-CSF receptor α axis (GM-CSFRα) may provide a new therapeutic target for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Therefore, we investigated the cellular expression of GM-CSFRα in RA synovial tissue and investigated the effects of anti-GM-CSFRα(More)
In this paper we introduce a mathematical model of conflict that enhances Richardson's model of Arms Race accounting for interactive scenarios, such as the ones provided by CRPGs (Computer Role Playing Games). Such an improvement translates the model into an HCP (Hybrid Control Process). We also provide a sneak peek at the multi-disciplinary project <i>Two(More)
Gonadotrophins, oestradiol, androstenedione, testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHAS) were measured sequentially in 72 patients with advanced breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy of various types. Tamoxifen significantly reduced gonadotrophins but did not effect other hormones. Danazol also reduced gonadotrophins. Aminoglutethimide (AGT)(More)
222 patients with disseminated breast cancer have been randomised to receive either a combination of hormone therapies using tamoxifen, aminoglutethimide with hydrocortisone, and danazol (TAD), or tamoxifen alone. The response to the combination was significantly better (43%) than that to tamoxifen alone (31%). Patients who relapsed after response or failed(More)
The syndrome of anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) dependence, though well recognized, remains poorly studied. In this preliminary psychometric study, American and British investigators separately administered a structured diagnostic interview module, based on recently proposed criteria for AAS dependence, to 42 male AAS users in Middlesbrough, England.(More)