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In response to reports that the contamination of food can occur during the on-farm primary phase of food production, we report data that describes a possible cost-effective intervention measure. The effect of time before soil incorporation of livestock wastes spread to land on the rate of decline of zoonotic agents present in the waste was investigated.(More)
Twenty-seven patients with histologically verified spinal astrocytoma were treated at the Royal Marsden Hospital with postoperative radiotherapy. All patients had previous surgery; 10 had partial resection and 17 biopsy alone. All patients received involved field radiotherapy to a median dose of 50 Gy in 33 fractions. Overall 5- and 10-year survival was 59(More)
AIMS To determine the prevalence and levels of zoonotic agents in livestock wastes. METHODS AND RESULTS A proportionally weighted survey was undertaken and livestock waste samples analysed quantitatively for Escherichia coli O157, pathogenic Listeria, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Giardia and Cryptosporidium. A significant proportion of wastes contained at(More)
Survey results describing the levels and prevalences of zoonotic agents in 1,549 livestock waste samples were analyzed for significance with livestock husbandry and farm waste management practices. Statistical analyses of survey data showed that livestock groups containing calves of <3 months of age, piglets, or lambs had higher prevalences and levels of(More)
AIMS To determine the fate of Escherichia coli deposited onto grassland via faeces, from naturally colonized cattle, sheep or pigs. METHODS AND RESULTS Groups of cattle, sheep and pigs were penned outdoors on grass during November, and removed after 14 days. Escherichia coli populations in the ground declined over 134 days from initial average levels of(More)
OBJECT This study was undertaken to assess the long-term efficacy and toxicity of conventional fractionated external-beam radiation in the treatment of benign skull base meningioma. METHODS This is a retrospective study of 82 patients with histologically verified benign skull base meningioma treated by surgery followed by fractionated external-beam(More)
AIM To measure the decline rates of zoonotic agents introduced into liquid livestock wastes in on-farm storage tanks. METHODS AND RESULTS Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli O157, Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes and Cryptosporidium parvum, propagated in laboratory-controlled conditions, were inoculated into 35,000-l volumes of fresh livestock(More)
Epidemiological studies report foot pain affects more than 90% of people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Most data about foot involvement in RA were collected prior to the availability of novel treatments such as biologics. The objective of this study is to compare the prevalence of foot symptoms, frequency of foot examination, and access to foot care(More)
While rheumatologists often focus on treatment targets, for many patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), control over pain and fatigue, as well as sustaining physical function and quality of life (QoL), is of primary importance. This literature review aimed at examining patients’ and physicians’ treatment aspirations, and identifying the unmet needs for(More)
AIMS To measure the rates of decline of zoonotic agents introduced into heaps of spent bedding and faecal wastes generated by commercially farmed livestock and managed in a similar way to that of a working farm. METHODS AND RESULTS Livestock isolates of Salmonella, pathogenic Listeria, Campylobacter and Escherichia coli O157 were laboratory cultured and(More)