Adam Matthews

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Nuclear processes such as transcription, DNA replication and recombination are dynamically regulated by chromatin structure. Eukaryotic transcription is known to be regulated by chromatin-associated proteins containing conserved protein domains that specifically recognize distinct covalent post-translational modifications on histones. However, it has been(More)
Recombination activating gene (RAG) 1 and RAG2 together catalyze V(D)J gene rearrangement in lymphocytes as the first step in the assembly and maturation of antigen receptors. RAG2 contains a plant homeodomain (PHD) near its C terminus (RAG2-PHD) that recognizes histone H3 methylated at lysine 4 (H3K4me) and influences V(D)J recombination. We report here(More)
The assembly of antigen receptor genes by V(D)J recombination is initiated by the RAG1/RAG2 protein complex, which introduces double-strand breaks between recombination signal sequences and their coding DNA. Truncated forms of RAG1 and RAG2 are functional in vivo and have been used to study V(D)J cleavage, hybrid joint formation and transposition in vitro.(More)
Assembly of antigen receptor genes by V(D)J recombination requires the site-specific recognition of two distinct DNA elements differing in the length of the spacer DNA that separates two conserved recognition motifs. Under appropriate conditions, V(D)J cleavage by the purified RAG1/RAG2 recombinase is similarly restricted. Double-strand breakage occurs only(More)
During B cell and T cell development, the lymphoid-specific proteins RAG-1 and RAG-2 act together to initiate the assembly of antigen receptor genes through a series of site-specific somatic DNA rearrangements that are collectively called variable-diversity-joining (V(D)J) recombination. In the past 20 years, a great deal has been learned about the(More)
T he Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are designed to inspire efforts to improve people’s lives by, among other priorities, halving extreme poverty by 2015 ( 1). Analogously, concern about global decline in biodiversity and degradation of ecosystem services ( 2) gave rise in 1992 to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD target “to achieve(More)
Each V, D, and J gene segment is flanked by a recombination signal sequence (RSS), composed of a conserved heptamer and nonamer separated by a 12- or 23-bp spacer. Variations from consensus in the heptamer or nonamer at specific positions can dramatically affect recombination frequency, but until recently, it had been generally held that only the length of(More)
The preferential in vitro interaction of the PHD finger of RAG2, a subunit of the V(D)J recombinase, with histone H3 tails simultaneously trimethylated at lysine 4 and symmetrically dimethylated at arginine 2 (H3R2me2sK4me3) predicted the existence of the previously unknown histone modification H3R2me2s. Here, we report the in vivo identification of(More)
Omenn syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency disorder, featuring susceptibility to infections and autoreactive T cells and resulting from defective genomic rearrangement of genes for the T cell and B cell receptors. The most frequent etiologies are hypomorphic mutations in "non-core" regions of the Rag1 or Rag2 genes, the protein products of which are(More)
V(D)J recombination is initiated by the lymphoid specific proteins RAG1 and RAG2, which together constitute the V(D)J recombinase. However, the RAG 1/2 complex can also act as a transposase, inserting the broken DNA molecules generated during V(D)J recombination into an unrelated piece of DNA. This process, termed RAG transposition, can potentially cause(More)