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Nuclear processes such as transcription, DNA replication and recombination are dynamically regulated by chromatin structure. Eukaryotic transcription is known to be regulated by chromatin-associated proteins containing conserved protein domains that specifically recognize distinct covalent post-translational modifications on histones. However, it has been(More)
Recombination activating gene (RAG) 1 and RAG2 together catalyze V(D)J gene rearrangement in lymphocytes as the first step in the assembly and maturation of antigen receptors. RAG2 contains a plant homeodomain (PHD) near its C terminus (RAG2-PHD) that recognizes histone H3 methylated at lysine 4 (H3K4me) and influences V(D)J recombination. We report here(More)
The assembly of antigen receptor genes by V(D)J recombination is initiated by the RAG1/RAG2 protein complex, which introduces double-strand breaks between recombination signal sequences and their coding DNA. Truncated forms of RAG1 and RAG2 are functional in vivo and have been used to study V(D)J cleavage, hybrid joint formation and transposition in vitro.(More)
Each V, D, and J gene segment is flanked by a recombination signal sequence (RSS), composed of a conserved heptamer and nonamer separated by a 12- or 23-bp spacer. Variations from consensus in the heptamer or nonamer at specific positions can dramatically affect recombination frequency, but until recently, it had been generally held that only the length of(More)
Assembly of antigen receptor genes by V(D)J recombination requires the site-specific recognition of two distinct DNA elements differing in the length of the spacer DNA that separates two conserved recognition motifs. Under appropriate conditions, V(D)J cleavage by the purified RAG1/RAG2 recombinase is similarly restricted. Double-strand breakage occurs only(More)
The preferential in vitro interaction of the PHD finger of RAG2, a subunit of the V(D)J recombinase, with histone H3 tails simultaneously trimethylated at lysine 4 and symmetrically dimethylated at arginine 2 (H3R2me2sK4me3) predicted the existence of the previously unknown histone modification H3R2me2s. Here, we report the in vivo identification of(More)
T he Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are designed to inspire efforts to improve people’s lives by, among other priorities, halving extreme poverty by 2015 ( 1). Analogously, concern about global decline in biodiversity and degradation of ecosystem services ( 2) gave rise in 1992 to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD target “to achieve(More)
Following V(D)J cleavage, the newly liberated DNA signal ends can be either fused together into a signal joint or used as donor DNA in RAG-mediated transposition. We find that both V(D)J cleavage and release of flanking coding DNA occur before the target capture step of transposition can proceed; no coding DNA is ever detected in the target capture complex.(More)