Adam MacLellan

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[Arg6, D-Trp7,9 mePhe8]-substance P (6-11), code-named antagonist G, is a novel peptide currently undergoing early clinical trials as an anticancer drug. A sensitive, high efficiency high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method is described for the determination in human plasma of antagonist G and its three major metabolites, deamidated-G (M1),(More)
3,5-Dichloro-2,4-dimethoxy-6-(trichloromethyl)pyridine (penclomedine, NSC 338720, CRC 88-04) is an alpha-picoline derivative with anti-tumour activity in preclinical models. Penclomedine administration by 1-h intravenous infusion on 5 consecutive days was repeated 3 weekly in the absence of dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) or disease progression. Five dose(More)
PURPOSE Arg-D-Trp-NmePhe-D-Trp-Leu-Met-NH(2) (Antagonist G), a substance P (SP 6-11) analogue, inhibits mitogenesis stimulated by a broad spectrum of neuropeptides and has demonstrated antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo with IC(50) concentrations of 10-20 microM in small cell lung cancer and other cell lines. Because neuropeptides are part of complex(More)
The substance P (SP) analogues [D-Arg1, D-Phe5, D-Trp7,9, Leu11]-SP and [Arg6, D-Trp7,9, MePhe8]-SP (6-11) (antagonists D and G, respectively) are under consideration as new anticancer drugs. In this report, the stability and in vitro metabolism of both antagonists in up to seven different media (water, 1 M acetic acid, human plasma, nude mouse liver and WX(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method is described for the determination of reactive nitrogen mustard anticancer drugs in plasma after derivatization with diethyl-dithiocarbamic acid (DDTC). Three compounds were studied: two reactive species (mechlorethamine (HN2) and galactose 6-mustard (G-6-M] and a less reactive species (melphalan(More)
[D-Arg1,D-Phe5,D-Trp7,9,Leu11]Substance P is a broad-spectrum neuropeptide growth factor antagonist that has exhibited in vitro activity against a range of human cancer cell lines. The fate of this compound in vivo following i.p. administration at 12 micrograms/g to nu/nu mice bearing the H69 small-cell lung cancer xenograft has been studied. Metabolism was(More)
HPLC has been applied to determine the stability of mechlorethamine hydrochloride (nitrogen mustard) formulated as an ointment in white soft paraffin (10 mg drug, 50 g paraffin and 1 mL acetone). A new solubilization technique is described for extraction of the drug from the ointment for HPLC analysis which has an extraction efficiency of 76.1% with a(More)
H-Arg-D-Trp-NmePhe-D-Trp-Leu-Met-NH2, a broad spectrum neuropeptide growth factor antagonist (antagonist G), is soon to enter a phase I clinical trial for the treatment of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). The pre-clinical pharmacology of this peptide has revealed that its metabolism proceeds from the C-terminus via deamidation. In this study the class of(More)
H-Arg-D-Trp-NmePhe-D-Trp-Leu-Met-NH2 (Antagonist G) will be the first broad-spectrum neuropeptide antagonist to enter a phase I clinical trial. Its in vitro and in vivo metabolism has been extensively characterized. The major metabolites were identified and their structures elucidated by mass spectroscopy and amino acid analysis. Metabolism occurred almost(More)
BACKGROUND [Arg6, D-Trp7,9, NmePhe8]-Substance P (6-11) (codenamed antagonist G) represents the first board spectrum antagonist of a number of neuropeptides shown to act as growth factors in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and is shortly to enter clinical trials. DESIGN Pharmacokinetics, metabolism, tissue disposition have been studied in mice (nu/nu)(More)