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Upon activation by calcineurin, the nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) translocates to the nucleus and guides the transcription of numerous molecules involved in inflammation and Ca(2+) dysregulation, both of which are prominent features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, NFAT signaling in AD remains relatively uninvestigated. Using isolated(More)
Human studies suggest either a protective role or no benefit of statins against the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We tested the hypothesis that statin-mediated cholesterol reduction in aged dogs, which have cognitive impairments and amyloid-β (Aβ) pathology, would improve cognition and reduce neuropathology. In a study of 12 animals, we treated(More)
OBJECTIVE Deposition of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide in neuritic plaques is a requirement for the diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD). Although the continued development of in vivo imaging agents such as Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) is promising, the diagnosis of AD is still challenging. This can be partially attributed to our lack of a detailed understanding(More)
Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) is a common age-related inflammatory myopathy characterized by the presence of intracellular inclusions that contain the amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide, a derivative of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Abeta is believed to cause Alzheimer's disease (AD), suggesting that a link may exist between the two diseases. If(More)
While research supports amyloid-β (Aβ) as the etiologic agent of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the mechanism of action remains unclear. Evidence indicates that adducts of RNA caused by oxidation also represent an early phenomenon in AD. It is currently unknown what type of influence these two observations have on each other, if any. We quantified five RNA(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the profile of NADPH oxidase (NOX) in the clinical progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Specifically, NOX activity and expression of the regulatory subunit p47phox and the catalytic subunit gp91phox was evaluated in affected (superior and middle temporal gyri) and unaffected (cerebellum) brain regions from a(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated a potential role for oligomeric forms of amyloid-β (Aβ) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), although it remains unclear which aspects of AD may be mediated by oligomeric Aβ. In the present study, we found that primary cultures of rat cortical neurons exhibit a dose-dependent increase in cell death following Aβ(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common age-related neurodegenerative disease, affecting an estimated 5.3million people in the United States. While many factors likely contribute to AD progression, it is widely accepted that AD is driven by the accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ), a small, fibrillogenic peptide generated by the sequential proteolysis of the(More)
A chronic high fat Western diet (WD) promotes a variety of morbidity factors although experimental evidence for short-term WD mediating brain dysfunction remains to be elucidated. The amyloid precursor protein and presenilin-1 (APP x PS1) knock-in mouse model has been demonstrated to recapitulate some key features of Alzheimer's disease pathology, including(More)
Synthetic soluble Aβ oligomers are often used as a surrogate for biologic material in a number of model systems. We compared the activity of Aβ oligomers (synthetic and cell culture media derived) on the human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma and C2C12 mouse myoblast cell lines in a novel, modified MTT assay. Separating oligomers from monomeric peptide by size(More)