Adam M. Robins

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Hexanucleotide repeat expansion in the C9orf72 gene is a leading cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Reduced expression of C9orf72 has been proposed as a possible disease mechanism. However, the cellular function of C9orf72 remains to be characterized. Here we report the identification of two binding(More)
The house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergen Der p 1 elicits IgE antibody responses in a significant proportion of patients suffering from dust mite allergy. We have recently shown that Der p 1 proteolytically cleaves a cell surface molecule involved in the homeostatic control of human IgE synthesis, namely the IL-2 receptor (CD25) on T(More)
Although tubal pregnancy is increasing, ovarian ectopic pregnancy has remained a rare event. However, North American reports suggest an increasing incidence relative to both tubal and term pregnancies. We report an unexpected increase in our practice with five primary ovarian pregnancies over the past year. Current understanding of the aetiological factors,(More)
Colitis due to Clostridium difficile infection is mediated by secreted toxins A and B and is characterized by infiltration by cells from the systemic circulation. The aim of our study was to investigate interactions between fluorescently labelled toxin A and peripheral blood monocytes, neutrophils and lymphocytes. Purified toxin A was labelled with Alexa(More)
Colonic epithelial stem cells are believed to be located at the crypt base where they have previously been shown to express musashi-1. The colonic stem cell niche, which includes extracellular matrix and myofibroblasts (together with other cell types), is likely to be important in maintaining the function of the progenitor cells. The aims of our studies(More)
The aim of our studies was to investigate the expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and TLR-4 (and in some studies TLR-5) in myofibroblasts and small and large intestinal crypt epithelial cells from control patients and those affected by Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Isolated and disaggregated crypt epithelial cells and monolayers of(More)
Intestinal lamina propria T cells are believed to be derived, via the systemic circulation, from gut-associated lymphoid tissue. After migration into the lamina propria, T cells are capable of luminally directed migration following the loss of surface epithelial cells. For adhesion and migration within the extracellular matrix, T cells are likely to utilize(More)
Colonic epithelial stem cells are believed to be located at the crypt base where they have previously been shown to express musashi-1. The colonic stem cell niche, which includes extracellular matrix and myofibroblasts (together with other cell types), is likely to be important in maintaining the function of the progenitor cells. The aims of our studies(More)
BACKGROUND IgE binds to mast cells and basophils via its high-affinity receptor, FcepsilonRI, and cross-linking of FcepsilonRI-bound IgE molecules by allergen leads to the release of allergic mediators characteristic of type I hypersensitivity reactions. Previous work has shown that cross-linking of FcepsilonRI with FcgammaRIIb, an ITIM-containing IgG(More)
In this study, we investigated the modulatory effects of CsA on in vitro synthesis of IgE, IgG1 and IgG4 by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). In contrast to its known immunosuppressive effect, we have demonstrated that a low dose of CsA (10(-7) M, 120 ng/ml) potentiated IgE production by up to 40-fold (i.e. from 33 +/- 4.5 to 1346 +/- 290(More)
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