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We reported previously the anti-viral activity named HRF (HIV-1 Resistance Factor) secreted by HIV-1 resistant cells. This work describes the identification of HRF from cell culture supernatant of HRF-producing cells (HRF(+) cells). Employing the proteomics and cell based activity assay we recovered ten peptides sharing 80-93% sequence homology with other(More)
The identity and activity of several anti-HIV soluble factor(s) secreted by CD8 and CD4 T lymphocytes have been determined; however, some of them still await definition. We have established an HIV-1-resistant, transformed CD4 T cell line that secretes HIV-1 resistance protein(s). Our studies indicate that this protein(s), called HIV-1 resistance factor(More)
INTRODUCTION Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) represent the large group of endogenous compounds widely distributed in nature. Due to their broad spectrum of antibiotic activity, as well as anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties, AMPs became a model for the discovery of novel antimicrobial drugs that could answer the problem of the increasing(More)
Chemical synthesis, physicochemical characterization and kinetic investigations of a tetrapeptide library of chromogenic substrates containing the amide of 5-amino-2-nitrobenzoic acid (Anb(5,2)-NH(2)) at their C-termini are reported. Anb(5,2)-NH(2) served as a chromophore released upon enzymatic action. The library consisting of 9567 peptides was(More)
HtrA2(Omi), belonging to the high-temperature requirement A (HtrA) family of stress proteins, is involved in the maintenance of mitochondrial homeostasis and in the stimulation of apoptosis, as well as in cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. The protein comprises a serine protease domain and a postsynaptic density of 95 kDa, disk large, and zonula(More)
A series of linear and monocyclic analogues of trypsin inhibitor SFTI-1 isolated from sunflower seeds, modified by N-(4-aminobutyl)glycine (Nlys) and N-benzylglycine (Nphe), were obtained by the solid-phase method. Some of these peptomers displayed trypsin or chymotrypsin inhibitory activity. In contradiction to the literature data, in most analogues(More)
Bacterial HtrAs are serine proteases engaged in extracytoplasmic protein quality control and are required for the virulence of several pathogenic species. The proteolytic activity of HtrA (DegP) from Escherichia coli, a model prokaryotic HtrA, is stimulated by stressful conditions; the regulation of this process is mediated by the LA, LD, L1, L2, and L3(More)
Cathepsin G (CatG), a serine protease present in mast cells and neutrophils, can produce angiotensin-II (Ang-II) and degrade elastin. Here we demonstrate increased CatG expression in smooth muscle cells (SMCs), endothelial cells (ECs), macrophages, and T cells from human atherosclerotic lesions. In low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient(More)
Serine proteases are among the most abundant granule constituents of several hematopoietic cell lineages including mast cells, neutrophils, cytotoxic T cells and NK cells. These proteases are stored in their active form in the cytoplasmic granules and in mammals are encoded from four different chromosomal loci: the chymase locus, the met-ase locus, the T(More)
INTRODUCTION Cathepsin G (CatG) is a neutral proteinase originating from human neutrophils. It displays a unique dual specificity (trypsin- and chymotrypsin-like); thus, its enzymatic activity is difficult to control. CatG is involved in the pathophysiology of several serious human diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Crohn's(More)