Learn More
There is increased consumer awareness that foods contain microcomponents that may have beneficial effects on health maintenance and disease prevention. In milk fat these functional food components include EPA, DHA, and CLA. The opportunity to enhance the content of these FA in milk has improved as a result of recent advances that have better defined the(More)
The mammary gland has an incredible level of organization and a remarkable ability to convert circulating nutrients into milk components. This review highlights four areas of high interest in the biology of milk synthesis where advances over the last quarter-century have resulted in new understanding or revealed new opportunities. First, advances in our(More)
Mammary synthesis of milk fat continues to be an active research area, with significant advances in the regulation of lipid synthesis by bioactive fatty acids (FAs). The biohydrogenation theory established that diet-induced milk fat depression (MFD) in the dairy cow is caused by an inhibition of mammary synthesis of milk fat by specific FAs produced during(More)
Diet-induced milk fat depression (MFD) involves the interrelation between rumen fermentation and mammary synthesis of milk fat, and the reduction in milk fat coincides with a marked increase in the trans-10 18:1 content of milk fat. Our objective was to directly examine the effect of trans-10 18:1 on milk fat synthesis in dairy cows. Three mid-lactation(More)
BACKGROUND The consumption of monounsaturated trans fatty acids (TFAs) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Putative differences between the effects of TFAs from industrially produced and natural sources on CVD risk markers were not previously investigated in healthy subjects. OBJECTIVE We aimed to compare the effects of TFAs from(More)
Citrate is a normal constituent of milk that affects milk-processing characteristics. It is an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle and plays an indirect role in fat synthesis by providing reducing equivalents in the form of NADPH. The objective of this study was to investigate variation in citrate with stage of lactation and de novo fatty acid(More)
Butter, which is naturally enriched in cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (rumenic acid; RA) and vaccenic acid (VA), has been shown to be an effective anticarcinogen in studies with animal models; however, there has been no examination of the effects of a naturally derived source of VA and RA on atherosclerosis-related biomarkers. The current study(More)
Under certain dietary situations, rumen biohydrogenation results in the production of unique fatty acids that inhibit milk fat synthesis. The first of these to be identified was trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), but others are postulated to contribute to diet-induced milk fat depression (MFD). Our objective was to examine the potential role(More)
Fat is an important energy component in the diet of ruminants and over the last decade fat supplementation has become a common practice to increase the energy density of the diet for high producing dairy cows. Recent advances have renewed the interest in dietary fats and lipid metabolism. One development is improved analytical procedures which have revealed(More)