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Cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis in mammals are controlled by SREBPs, a family of membrane bound transcription factors. Our studies identified homologs of SREBP, its binding partner SCAP, and the ER retention protein Insig in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, named sre1+, scp1+, and ins1+. Like SREBP, Sre1 is cleaved and activated in response to sterol(More)
Cholesterol is an essential component of mammalian cell membranes and is required for proper membrane permeability, fluidity, organelle identity, and protein function. Cells maintain sterol homeostasis by multiple feedback controls that act through transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms. The membrane-bound transcription factor sterol regulatory(More)
Mitochondria have a central role in ageing. They are considered to be both a target of the ageing process and a contributor to it. Alterations in mitochondrial structure and function are evident during ageing in most eukaryotes, but how this occurs is poorly understood. Here we identify a functional link between the lysosome-like vacuole and mitochondria in(More)
Cytochrome P450 enzymes are heme-dependent monoxygenases that play a central role in human physiology. Despite the numerous physiological processes that P450 enzymes impact, the electron donors P450 oxidoreductase and cytochrome b5 are the only proteins known to interact with and modulate the activity of ER microsomal P450s. Here, we report that Dap1/PGRMC1(More)
BACKGROUND Clouds and MapReduce have shown themselves to be a broadly useful approach to scientific computing especially for parallel data intensive applications. However they have limited applicability to some areas such as data mining because MapReduce has poor performance on problems with an iterative structure present in the linear algebra that(More)
Cohesion establishment and maintenance are carried out by proteins that modify the activity of Cohesin, an essential complex that holds sister chromatids together. Constituents of the replication fork, such as the DNA polymerase alpha-binding protein Ctf4, contribute to cohesion in ways that are poorly understood. To identify additional cohesion components,(More)
The common neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR) (low affinity nerve growth factor receptor) participates in the high-affinity binding with the TrkA nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor, may mediate apoptosis, and may signal independently in a cell-specific manner. The potential of p75(NTR) to signal independently of TrkA was investigated with an NGF mutant protein(More)
—Many scientific applications suffer from the lack of a unified approach to support the management and efficient processing of large-scale data. The Twister MapReduce Framework, which not only supports the traditional MapReduce programming model but also extends it by allowing iterations, addresses these problems. This paper describes how Twister is applied(More)
Insig functions as a central regulator of cellular cholesterol homeostasis by controlling activity of HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR) in cholesterol synthesis. Insig both accelerates the degradation of HMGR and suppresses HMGR transcription through the SREBP-Scap pathway. The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe encodes homologs of Insig, HMGR, SREBP, and Scap,(More)
We investigated the effects of the hypoxia-mimetic CoCl2 in the pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans and demonstrated that CoCl2 leads to defects in several enzymatic steps in ergosterol biosynthesis. Sterol defects were amplified in cells lacking components of the Sre1p-mediated oxygen-sensing pathway. Consequently, Sre1p and its binding partner Scp1p(More)