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Prostaglandins (PGs) of luteal origin may have paracrine and/or autocrine actions on the functions of the corpus luteum (CL). Previously, we have shown that enzymes of PG synthesis pathway such as prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES-1), prostaglandin F synthase (PGFS) and prostaglandin 9-ketoreductase (CBR1) are important in regulation of PG production in the(More)
The endometrial tissue of the uterus plays a key role in reproduction and is a source of hormones and factors responsible for the proper physiological function of reproductive tract during the oestrous cycle and pregnancy. In this study, we investigated the pattern of PGF(2alpha) and PGE(2) secretion from cultured porcine endometrial cells at different days(More)
As in other species, the reproductive tract in pigs increases in size with age and body weight, and the development of the reproductive tract depends on a balance between development of the pituitary-ovarian axis and the influence of metabolic hormones. Two experiments were conducted in prepubertal Duroc gilts, 150-180 days of age, to determine whether(More)
Establishment of pregnancy in pigs requires continuous function of corpora lutea and endometrial preparation for embryo implantation. Progesterone regulates expression of many proteins necessary for endometrial remodelling and embryo-maternal communications. Attaining the uterine receptivity involves progesterone priming and loss of progesterone receptors(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) play a pivotal role in luteolysis, maternal recognition of pregnancy, and implantation. In many species, including pigs, both conceptus (embryo and associated membranes) and endometrium synthesize PGE(2), which may antagonize PGF(2alpha) by playing a luteotropic/antiluteolytic role. Previously, we have reported expression profiles of PG(More)
The influence of exogenous prolactin-induced hyperprolactinaemia and bromocriptine-induced hypoprolactinaemia on LH secretion, endocrine function of testes and the structure of seminiferous tubules was investigated in boars. Treatment with exogenous pig prolactin for 21 days (0.07 mg kg-1 day-1; n = 5) caused a significant increase in mean prolactin(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is responsible for the biological production of nitric oxide (NO) in several organs, including those of the reproductive tract. We investigated potential changes in NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity (marker for NOS activity) and the presence and distribution of NOS in the porcine oviduct. Tissues were obtained from gilts (n=16)(More)
We investigated the antitumoral efficacy, endocrine consequences, and molecular mechanisms underlying cell death induced by the Hecate-chorionic gonadotropin (CG)beta conjugate, a fusion protein of a 23-amino acid lytic peptide Hecate with a 15-amino acid (81-95) fragment of the human CGbeta chain. Transgenic (TG) mice expressing the inhibin alpha-subunit(More)
In 1977 Bazer and Thatcher proposed that maternal recognition of pregnancy in the pig involves the secretion of PGF(2alpha) towards the uterine lumen (exocrine) rather than towards the uterine venous drainage (endocrine) as occurs in the non-pregnant pig during the mid to late stages of the estrous cycle. The retrograde transfer of PGF(2alpha) from the(More)
The current studies investigated the concentration and distribution of LH receptors in the oviduct of ovariectomized gilts at various times after administration of oestradiol benzoate (10 micrograms kg-1 body weight) to determine whether LH participates in the regulation of oviductal contractions. Polyclonal antibodies to the LH receptor were used in(More)