Adam J. Trexler

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The aggregation of the protein α-synuclein (AS) is critical to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Although generally described as an unstructured monomer, recent evidence suggests that the native form of AS may be an α-helical tetramer which resists aggregation. Here, we show that N-terminal acetylation in combination with a mild purification protocol(More)
Both oxidative stress and aggregation of the protein α-synuclein (aS) have been implicated as key factors in the etiology of Parkinson's disease. Specifically, oxidative modifications to aS disrupt its binding to lipid membranes, an interaction considered critical to its native function. Here we seek to provide a mechanistic explanation for this phenomenon(More)
Amyloid fibrils are highly ordered protein assemblies known to contribute to the pathology of a variety of genetic and aging-associated diseases. More recently, these fibrils have been shown to be useful as structural scaffolds in both natural biological systems and nanotechnology applications. The intense interest in amyloid fibrils has led to the(More)
Interactions between the synaptic protein alpha-Synuclein and cellular membranes may be relevant both to its native function as well as its role in Parkinson's disease. We use single molecule Forster resonance energy transfer to probe the structure of alpha-Synuclein bound to detergent micelles and lipid vesicles. We find evidence that it forms a bent-helix(More)
Nanodiscs are a new class of model membranes that are being used to solubilize and study a range of integral membrane proteins and membrane-associated proteins. Unlike other model membranes, the Nanodisc bilayer is bounded by a scaffold protein coat that confers enhanced stability and a narrow particle size distribution. The bilayer diameter can be(More)
We have used a sensitive and specific in vivo killing assay to monitor the kinetics, anatomic location and mechanisms controlling NK-mediated rejection of Balb/c bone marrow by C57BL/6 natural killer (NK) cells. We find that NK killing of fully allogeneic bone marrow is a rapid, highly efficient process, leading to substantial rejection of transplanted(More)
α-Synuclein (αS) is an intrinsically disordered protein whose aggregation into ordered, fibrillar structures underlies the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. A full understanding of the factors that cause its conversion from soluble protein to insoluble aggregate requires characterization of the conformations of the monomer protein under conditions that(More)
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are increasingly recognized for their important roles in a range of biological contexts, both in normal physiological function and in a variety of devastating human diseases. However, their structural characterization by traditional biophysical methods, for the purposes of understanding their function and(More)
The aggregation and deposition of the neuronal protein α-synuclein in the substantia nigra region of the brain is a key pathological feature of Parkinson’s disease. α-Synuclein assembles from a monomeric state in solution, which lacks stable secondary and tertiary contacts, into highly structured fibrillar aggregates through a pathway which involves the(More)