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The U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved thiazolidinediones pioglitazone and rosiglitazone are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) agonists developed to control serum glucose in patients with diabetes. They have been found to reduce proteinuria and microalbuminuria in both diabetic nephropathy and nondiabetic glomerulosclerosis. We(More)
Glucocorticoids are the primary therapy for nephrotic syndrome (NS), but have serious side effects and are ineffective in ~20-50% of patients. Thiazolidinediones have recently been suggested to be renoprotective, and to modulate podocyte glucocorticoid-mediated nuclear receptor signaling. We hypothesized that thiazolidinediones could enhance glucocorticoid(More)
Glucocorticoids (GC) are the primary therapy for idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS). Recent evidence has identified glomerular podocytes as a potential site of GC action in this disease. The objectives of this study were to determine the presence of key components of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) complex and the functionality of this signaling pathway in(More)
While mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various glomerular diseases, including nephrotic syndrome (NS), its specific role in podocyte injury is not known. We hypothesized that MK-2, a downstream substrate of p38 MAPK, mediates the adverse effects of this pathway and that inhibition of MK-2 would(More)
Albuminuria is both a hallmark and a risk factor for progressive glomerular disease, and results in increased exposure of podocytes to serum albumin with its associated factors. Here in vivo and in vitro models of serum albumin-overload were used to test the hypothesis that albumin-induced proteinuria and podocyte injury directly correlate with COX-2(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been applied to patients in cell therapy for various diseases. Recently, we introduced a novel MSC separation filter device which could yield approximately 2.5-fold more MSCs from bone marrow in a closed system compared with the conventional open density gradient centrifugation method. MSCs isolated with(More)
Elevated mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 (p38 MAPK) signaling has been implicated in various experimental and human glomerulopathies, and its inhibition has proven beneficial in animal models of these diseases. p38 MAPK signaling is partially mediated through MK2 and MK3, two phylogenetically related protein kinases that are its direct substrates. The(More)
Despite years of extensive investigation, the cellular origin of heterotopic ossification (HO) has not been fully elucidated. We have previously shown that circulating bone marrow-derived osteoblast progenitor cells, characterized by the immunophenotype CD45-/CD44+/CXCR4+, contributed to the formation of heterotopic bone induced by bone morphogenetic(More)
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