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The endogenous lipid signaling agent oleoylethanolamide (OEA) has recently been described as a peripherally acting agent that reduces food intake and body weight gain in rat feeding models. This paper presents evidence that OEA is an endogenous ligand of the orphan receptor GPR119, a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) expressed predominantly in the human and(More)
The hypothalamic peptide orexin-A and the orexin-1 receptor are localized in areas of the brain and spinal cord associated with nociceptive processing. In the present study, localization was confirmed in the spinal cord and demonstrated in the dorsal root ganglion for both orexin-A and the orexin-1 receptor. The link with nociception was extended when(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Rimonabant (Acomplia, SR141716A), a cannabinoid CB1 receptor inverse agonist, has recently been approved for the treatment of obesity. There are, however, concerns regarding its side effect profile. Developing a CB1 antagonist with a different pharmacological mechanism may lead to a safer alternative. To this end we have screened a(More)
GABA(B) receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors that mediate slow synaptic inhibition in the brain and spinal cord. These receptors are heterodimers assembled from GABA(B1) and GABA(B2) subunits, neither of which is capable of producing functional GABA(B) receptors on homomeric expression. GABA(B1,) although able to bind GABA, is retained within the(More)
The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(B)) receptor has been shown to be a heterodimer consisting of two receptor subunits, GABA(B1) and GABA(B2). We have stably co-expressed these two subunits in a CHO cell line, characterised its pharmacology and compared it to the native receptor in rat brain membranes. Radioligand binding using [3H]CGP54626A demonstrated a(More)
The orexins (hypocretins) have recently been implicated in neurodegeneration associated with narcolepsy. Therefore, the current study was designed to investigate changes in the expression of prepro-orexin and the orexin receptors, OX1R and OX2R following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in the rat. Six and twenty-four hours following MCAO,(More)
The noradrenaline (NA) and serotonin reuptake inhibitor, sibutramine, gives effective weight loss, but full efficacy cannot be attained at approved doses due to cardiovascular side effects. We assessed in rats the contributions of NA and serotonin transporters to sibutramine's hypophagic and cardiovascular effects, and whether selective 5-hydroxytryptamine(More)
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