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BACKGROUND Central nervous system (CNS) atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) are rare tumors of childhood with a dismal prognosis. Historically, surgery and standard dose chemotherapy have resulted in a median survival of 8.5 months from diagnosis. METHODS Thirteen children newly diagnosed with CNS AT/RT were treated with either the "Head Start I"(More)
The efficacy of allografting in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is heavily influenced by remission status at the time of transplant. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based minimal residual disease (MRD) analysis, we have investigated retrospectively the impact of submicroscopic leukemia on outcome in 64 patients receiving allogeneic bone marrow(More)
A study of the distribution of [(14)C]-labelled bretylium (N-o-bromobenzyl-N-ethyl-N,N-dimethylammonium) in cat tissues at various times after subcutaneous injection suggests that the specificity of its blocking action on adrenergic neurones may be related to its selective accumulation in these neurones. The rate of rise and fall of concentration in(More)
In conscious rats, focal CO2 stimulation of the medullary raphe increases ventilation, whereas interference with serotonergic function here decreases the ventilatory response to systemic hypercapnia. We sought to determine whether repeated administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in this region would increase the ventilatory response to(More)
The impact of some model perfumes on surfactant self-assembly has been investigated, using small-angle neutron scattering. A range of different model perfumes, with differing degrees of hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity, have been explored, and in order of increasing hydrophobicity include phenyl ethanol (PE), rose oxide (RO), limonene (LM), linalool (LL), and(More)
Bretylium depresses the slope of regression lines relating frequency of sympathetic nerve stimulation to magnitude of contractions of the cat nictitating membrane. In contrast, guanethidine and reserpine preferentially abolish responses to low rates of nerve stimulation and cause a roughly parallel shift of the regression lines. The hypersensitivity of the(More)
Bretylium caused a specific and lasting depression of many excitatory and inhibitory responses evoked by electrical stimulation of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system, probably by impairing conduction of impulses in adrenergic neurones with consequent failure of noradrenaline and adrenaline release. This effect, which will be referred to as the(More)