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Primary human hepatocyte cultures are useful in vitro model systems of human liver because when cultured under appropriate conditions the hepatocytes retain liver-like functionality such as metabolism, transport, and cell signaling. This model system was used to characterize the concentration- and time-response of the 320 ToxCast chemicals for changes in(More)
Women demonstrate higher pain sensitivity and prevalence of chronic visceral pain conditions such as functional gastrointestinal disorders than men. The role of sex differences in the brain processing of visceral pain is still unclear. In 16 male and 16 female healthy subjects we compared personality, anxiety levels, skin conductance response (SCR), and(More)
Pain is a ubiquitous yet highly variable experience. The psychophysiological and genetic factors responsible for this variability remain unresolved. We hypothesised the existence of distinct human pain clusters (PCs) composed of distinct psychophysiological and genetic profiles coupled with differences in the perception and the brain processing of pain. We(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS One particularly important individual dynamic known to influence the experience of pain is neuroticism, of which little is known about in visceral pain research. Our aim was to study the relationship between neuroticism, psychophysiologic response, and brain processing of visceral pain. METHODS Thirty-one healthy volunteers (15 male; age(More)
BACKGROUND Unexplained gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and joint hypermobility (JHM) are common in the general population, the latter described as benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) when associated with musculo-skeletal symptoms. Despite overlapping clinical features, the prevalence of JHM or BJHS in patients with functional gastrointestinal(More)
The worldwide use of opiates is increasing yet there is little evidence that in long-term, non-cancer patients, they have an efficacious effect on functional outcomes and quality of life measures. Although it seems paradoxical, chronic opiate use may lead to a pro-nociceptive state. Mechanisms for the development of the hyperalgesic state include activation(More)
An integrated understanding of the physiological mechanisms involved in the genesis of nausea remains lacking. We aimed to describe the psychophysiological changes accompanying visually induced motion sickness, using a motion video, hypothesizing that differences would be evident between subjects who developed nausea in comparison to those who did not. A(More)
BACKGROUND   Previous studies report an association between joint hypermobility (JHM), as a clinical feature of underlying connective tissue (CT) disorder, and pelvic organ prolapse. However, its association with rectal evacuatory dysfunction (RED) has not been evaluated. To investigate the prevalence of JHM in the general population and in patients with(More)
ascitic fluid with high fat (triglyceride) content, usually higher than 110 mg/dL. Chylous fluid in the peritoneal cavity is a rare clinical condition that occurs as a result of disruption of the abdominal lymphatics. Multiple causes have been described (table I). Congenital chylous ascites is the commonest cause of chyloperitoneum in young children. Other(More)