Adam D Lewis

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BACKGROUND Many antitumor drugs require metabolic activation to exert their cytotoxic or cytostatic effects. The so-called bioreductive compounds, whose conversion into active antitumor agents is catalyzed by reductase enzymes, are examples of such drugs. The identification of specific enzymes involved in the activation of these compounds is important in(More)
The cyanomorpholino derivative of doxorubicin (MRA-CN) is a DNA intercalator and alkylator that is a highly potent cytotoxin, non-cross-resistant in multidrug-resistant cells, and noncardiotoxic in comparison with doxorubicin. To further examine mechanisms of action and resistance to MRA-CN, a cell line resistant to MRA-CN, ES-2R, was established by growing(More)
PURPOSE To measure the oxygen status of human malignant brain tumors in vivo and to determine the activities and expression of bioreductive enzymes in these same human brain tumor samples, as a means of assessing their suitability as targets for bioreductive drug therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS A polarographic oxygen electrode was used to measure the(More)
Two ovarian cell lines were derived from the ascites of a patient before and after the onset of resistance to chemotherapy involving cis-platinum, chlorambucil and 5-fluorouracil. Characterization of these lines shows them to have various features in common and some significant differences. Cytologically the lines cannot be distinguished and they both(More)
We have reported previously (C. N. Robson et al., Cancer Res., 46: 6290-6294, 1986) the isolation of a Chinese hamster ovary cell line, designated CHO-Chlr, that exhibits resistance to bifunctional nitrogen mustards while maintaining the normal parental level of sensitivity to several other alkylating agents. We have compared the rate of formation and(More)
Relative merits of three methods of diaphragmatic hernia repair were evaluated in growing animals. Twenty-five puppies underwent laparotomy. In four controls, the left hemidiaphragm was incised and sutured primarily. In the remaining dogs, it was partially resected sparing the phrenic nerve. The defects were repaired in six with silastic sheeting, in eight(More)
Modulation of cellular thiols has been used to ameliorate the toxic side effects associated with cancer chemotherapy and is currently being investigated as a novel therapeutic strategy in cancer treatment. One of the most extensively studied modulators of thiol levels is N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a cytoprotective drug with multiple therapeutic applications,(More)
An increasing body of evidence suggests that glutathione-dependent enzymes are an important factor in determining the sensitivity of tumours to cytotoxic drugs. Ten randomized normal and tumour samples from individuals with lung cancer were analysed for glutathione S-transferase isoenzyme (GST) content and glutathione peroxidase (Gpx) activity. The normal(More)
A novel probe, N-(2-hydroxy-3,3,3,-trifluoropropyl)-2-(2-nitro-1-imidazolyl) acetamide (SR-4554), has been used to detect tumor hypoxia noninvasively by 19F magnetic resonance spectroscopy (19F MRS). The compound was designed to undergo a hypoxia-dependent, one-electron reduction to metabolites that are selectively retained in tumors and has attractive(More)
3-amino-1,2,4-benzotriazine-1,4-di-N-oxide (tirapazamine, WIN 59075, SR 4233, NSC 130181) has entered phase 1 clinical trials as a bioreductive hypoxic cell cytotoxin because of its novel structure and impressive selective cytotoxicity towards hypoxic cells. Understanding the enzymology and underlying mechanism of oxidative and reductive DNA damage may(More)