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The ligand-binding region of integrin beta subunits contains a von Willebrand factor type A-domain: an alpha/beta "Rossmann" fold containing a metal ion-dependent adhesion site (MIDAS) on its top face. Although there is evidence to suggest that the betaA-domain undergoes changes in tertiary structure during receptor activation, the identity of the secondary(More)
The tertiary structure of the integrin heterodimer is currently unknown, although several predictive models have been generated. Detailed structural studies of integrins have been consistently hampered for several reasons, including the small amounts of purified protein available, the large size and conformational flexibility of integrins, and the presence(More)
Leptin is a signaling protein that in its mutant forms has been associated with obesity and Type II diabetes. The lack of sequence similarity has precluded analogies based on structural resemblance to known systems. Backbone NMR signals for mouse leptin (13C/15N -labeled) have been assigned and its secondary structure reveals it to be a four-helix bundle(More)
Polarized cell movement is an essential requisite for cancer metastasis; thus, interference with the tumor cell motility machinery would significantly modify its metastatic behavior. Protein kinase C alpha (PKC alpha) has been implicated in the promotion of a migratory cell phenotype. We report that the phorbol ester-induced cell polarization and(More)
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is one of the most common autosomal dominant disorders of craniosynostosis in humans and is characterized by craniofacial and limb anomalies. The locus for Saethre-Chotzen syndrome maps to chromosome 7p21-p22. We have evaluated TWIST, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, as a candidate gene for this condition because its(More)
Cyclic heptapeptide 1, which contains an Arg-Gly-Asp sequence, has good affinity for the platelet receptor GPIIb-IIIa and was chosen for study by 1H NMR techniques. The key RGD sequence of this molecule was found to reside in a conformationally defined type II' Gly-Asp beta-turn, and this information was used in the design of simple non-peptide RGD mimics.(More)
Solvent conditions where human insulin could be studied by high-resolution NMR were determined. Both low pH and addition of acetonitrile were required to overcome the protein's self-association and to obtain useful spectra. Two hundred eighty-six 1H resonances were located and assigned to specific sites on the protein by using two-dimensional NMR methods.(More)
Proton NMR assignments were determined for the asymmetric dimer complex of A82846B with the pentapeptide cell-wall fragment. A total of 683 experimental constraints, both distance and dihedral, were collected from NOESY and COSY data sets. From these constraints, a total of 80 structures were calculated using standard X-PLOR protocols. These structures were(More)
1H NMR assignments of the trans and cis isomers of succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe-p-nitroanilide were accomplished by two-dimensional NMR techniques. Conformational exchange between the cis and trans isomers was not detected in the two-dimensional exchange spectra (NOESY) until catalytic amounts of FK506-binding protein (FKbp) were added. The addition of FK506 to(More)
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