Adam D. Kline

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The ligand-binding region of integrin beta subunits contains a von Willebrand factor type A-domain: an alpha/beta "Rossmann" fold containing a metal ion-dependent adhesion site (MIDAS) on its top face. Although there is evidence to suggest that the betaA-domain undergoes changes in tertiary structure during receptor activation, the identity of the secondary(More)
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is one of the most common autosomal dominant disorders of craniosynostosis in humans and is characterized by craniofacial and limb anomalies. The locus for Saethre-Chotzen syndrome maps to chromosome 7p21-p22. We have evaluated TWIST, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, as a candidate gene for this condition because its(More)
The tertiary structure of the integrin heterodimer is currently unknown, although several predictive models have been generated. Detailed structural studies of integrins have been consistently hampered for several reasons, including the small amounts of purified protein available, the large size and conformational flexibility of integrins, and the presence(More)
Polarized cell movement is an essential requisite for cancer metastasis; thus, interference with the tumor cell motility machinery would significantly modify its metastatic behavior. Protein kinase C alpha (PKC alpha) has been implicated in the promotion of a migratory cell phenotype. We report that the phorbol ester-induced cell polarization and(More)
Leptin is a signaling protein that in its mutant forms has been associated with obesity and Type II diabetes. The lack of sequence similarity has precluded analogies based on structural resemblance to known systems. Backbone NMR signals for mouse leptin (13C/15N -labeled) have been assigned and its secondary structure reveals it to be a four-helix bundle(More)
Solvent conditions where human insulin could be studied by high-resolution NMR were determined. Both low pH and addition of acetonitrile were required to overcome the protein's self-association and to obtain useful spectra. Two hundred eighty-six 1H resonances were located and assigned to specific sites on the protein by using two-dimensional NMR methods.(More)
We have cloned a novel PP2Cbeta isoform from a human liver cDNA library which codes for a protein homologous to other mammalian PP2Cbetas at the N-terminus but with an extended C-terminus that is unique amongst the PP2Cs. The protein expressed in E. coli is indistinguishable from human recombinant PP2Calpha in its cation dependence and insensitivity to(More)
Cyclic heptapeptide 1, which contains an Arg-Gly-Asp sequence, has good affinity for the platelet receptor GPIIb-IIIa and was chosen for study by 1H NMR techniques. The key RGD sequence of this molecule was found to reside in a conformationally defined type II' Gly-Asp beta-turn, and this information was used in the design of simple non-peptide RGD mimics.(More)
We have investigated the intervesicular transfer of galactosylceramide between unilamellar bilayer vesicles composed of differing sphingomyelin and phosphatidylcholine molar ratios. To monitor glycolipid transfer from donor to acceptor vesicles, we used a fluorescence resonance energy transfer assay involving anthrylvinyl-labeled galactosylceramide(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterised by extracellular amyloid-ß (Aß) and intraneuronal tau protein brain pathologies. The most significant risk factor for non-familial AD is the presence of the E4 isoform of the cholesterol transporter apolipoprotein E (apoE). Despite extensive basic research, the exact role of(More)