Adam Cohen Simonsen

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Lipid-bilayer membranes are formed by self-assembly processes. The molecular interactions within the bilayer and with the environment impart a unique trans-bilayer lateral pressure profile and provide a set of physical mechanisms for formation of lipid domains and laterally differentiated regions in the plane of the membrane. Results from a number of(More)
Very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDL-R) was found to be expressed in bovine mammary gland and the human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 as an M(r) 105,000 variant, and in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with human VLDL-R cDNA as an M(r) 130,000 variant. The receptor was purified by ligand affinity chromatography with immobilized M(r)(More)
The effect of temperature on the lateral structure of lipid bilayers composed of porcine brain ceramide and 1-palmitoyl 2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC), with and without addition of cholesterol, were studied using differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and confocal/two-photon excitation(More)
The appearance of a hydrophobic surface, namely a crystalline (111) Si wafer coated with a thick soft polystyrene film, and the morphological changes along this interface depending on the polarity of an adjoining liquid phase were studied with magnetic tapping mode atomic force microscopy. Interfacially associated nanobubbles of decreasing size and number(More)
A host of water-soluble enzymes are active at membrane surfaces and in association with membranes. Some of these enzymes are involved in signalling and in modification and remodelling of the membranes. A special class of enzymes, the phospholipases, and in particular secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)), are only activated at the interface between water(More)
We investigate the texture of gel (g) domains in binary lipid membranes composed of the phospholipids DPPC and DOPC. Lateral organization of lipid bilayer membranes is a topic of fundamental and biological importance. Whereas questions related to size and composition of fluid membrane domain are well studied, the possibility of texture in gel domains has so(More)
We have reconstituted functional Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) into giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) of well-defined binary and ternary lipid composition including cholesterol. The activity of the membrane system can be turned on and off by ATP. The hydrolytic activity of NKA is found to depend on membrane phase, and the water relaxation in the membrane on the(More)
Pulmonary surfactant, the lipid-protein material that stabilizes the respiratory surface of the lungs, contains approximately equimolar amounts of saturated and unsaturated phospholipid species and significant proportions of cholesterol. Such lipid composition suggests that the membranes taking part in the surfactant structures could be organized(More)
An atomic force and fluorescence microscopy investigation of the structure of spin-coated lipid films is presented. In the surface of the dry film, lipids are found to orient in a conformation where acyl chains are pointing outward while laterally the individual layers of the multilamellar film exhibit a dewetting pattern similar to what is found in polymer(More)
Recent publications described the formation of millimeter-length fibers by diverse lipid-binding proteins (e.g., histone H1, cytochrome c, indolicidin, and endostatin) when they are mixed with 80:20 phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylserine vesicles. Further, these fibers displayed amyloid characteristics when stained with Congo Red. In the study presented(More)