Adam Cieślak

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The interactions of lauric (C12) and myristic acid (C14) in suppressing ruminal methanogenesis and methanogens were investigated with the rumen simulation technique (Rusitec) using bovine ruminal fluid. The fatty acids were added to basal substrates (grass hay:concentrate, 1:1.5) at a level of 48 g/kg DM, provided in C12:C14 ratios of 5:0, 4:1, 3:2,(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate selected aspects of cytoplasmic maturation in oocytes from prepubertal and cyclic crossbred gilts before and after in vitro maturation. For this purpose, cortical granule redistribution, mitochondrial DNA content and mitochondria translocation were analyzed. Moreover, for the first time the fatty acid profiles in(More)
There is a great interest in reducing the methane emission from ruminants as one possible cause of global warming. The aim of the presented study was to determine the effects of xanthohumol, one of the hop (Humulus lupulus) phytofactors, on methane production, microbial population and basic parameters of ruminal fermentation. The experiment was carried out(More)
BACKGROUND Camelina sativa cake (CSC), a rich source of unsaturated fatty acids, in the case of ruminants, may improve the energy value of a diet and also increase the unsaturated fatty acid content in milk. Effects of basal diet (control), basal diet plus 30 g kg(-1) of CSC in dietary dry matter (DM), basal diet plus 60 g kg(-1) of CSC in dietary dry(More)
The oocyte quality is to a large extent influenced by the sexual maturity of the donor female. Although this phenomenon has already been broadly described in domestic animals, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Published data focus on oocyte ultrastructure, fertilization abnormalities, and blastocyst developmental rate. The goal of the present(More)
Three new triterpenoid saponins (1-3), along with nine known saponins, were isolated from the roots of Saponaria officinalis L. Two of them: vaccaroside D (4) and dianchinenoside B (5) are known, but not previously reported for S. officinalis, and seven others: saponarioside C (6), D (7), F (8), G (9), I (10), K (11), and L (12) have been previously(More)
A wide range of plant bioactive components (phytochemicals) have been identified as having potential to modulate the processes of fermentation in the rumen. The use of plants or plant extracts as natural feed additives has become a subject of interest not only among nutritionists but also other scientists. Although a large number of phytochemicals (e.g.(More)
In vitro anaerobic incubations were used to determine the effect of different oils (LO-linseed, SO-sunflower, FO-fish oil) on trans fatty acid production in rumen fluid and to test if combining of monensin (MON) with the oils affects the interactions on trans fatty acid concentrations in mixed cultures of ruminal microorganisms. Two different sources of(More)
Two consecutive rumen batch cultures were used to study the effect of nanoemulsified oils as a new type of supplement, on the in vitro fatty acid proportion and vaccenic acid formation. Three levels (3, 5, and 7%) of 2 different oil blends [soybean:fish oil (SF) or rapeseed-fish oil (RF)] were used. Both oil blends were used either in the raw form (SF or(More)
Among many factors, lipid metabolism within the follicular environment emerges as an important indicator of oocyte quality. In the literature a crucial significance is described concerning follicular fluid (FF) composition as well as messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in follicular cells. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between oocyte,(More)