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BACKGROUND To characterize the association of antiretroviral drug combinations on risk of cardiovascular events. METHODS Certain antiretroviral medications for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been implicated in increasing risk of cardiovascular disease. However, antiretroviral drugs are typically prescribed in combination. We characterized the(More)
We examined how emergency department (ED) visits for potentially preventable, mental health, and other diagnoses were related to same-day access and provider continuity in primary care using administrative data from 71,296 patients in 22 VHA clinics over a three-year period. ED visits were categorized as non-emergent; primary care treatable; preventable;(More)
OBJECTIVE This study estimated the loss in outpatient copayment revenue for the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system from a mandate for free care related to military sexual trauma. s METHODS A retrospective database analysis located all VA enrollees who screened positive for military sexual trauma and received related care in fiscal(More)
We analyzed healthcare costs and medical conditions for 2,008 veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/Ds) near end of life. The average age at SCI/D onset and/ or occurrence was 42 years and at death was 66 years. The conditions that incurred the most costs included cancer (20.9%), influenza and/or pneumonia (15.1%), heart disease (13.5%),(More)
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