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HrcA is a transcriptional repressor that regulates stress response genes in many bacteria by binding to the CIRCE operator. We have previously shown that HrcA regulates the promoter for the dnaK heat shock operon in Chlamydia. Here we demonstrate that HrcA represses a second heat shock promoter that controls the expression of groES and groEL, two other(More)
HrcA is a regulator of bacterial heat shock gene expression that binds to a cis-acting DNA element called CIRCE. It has been proposed that HrcA and CIRCE function as a repressor-operator pair. We have purified recombinant HrcA from the pathogenic bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and have shown that it is a DNA-binding protein that functions as a negative(More)
In the pathogenic bacterium Bacillus anthracis, virulence requires induced expression of the anthrax toxin and capsule genes. Elevated CO2/bicarbonate levels, an indicator of the host environment, provide a signal ex vivo to increase expression of virulence factors, but the mechanism underlying induction and its relevance in vivo are unknown. We identified(More)
Melanin production is important to the pathogenicity and survival of some bacterial pathogens. In Bacillus anthracis, loss of hmgA, encoding homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase, results in accumulation of a melanin-like pigment called pyomelanin. Pyomelanin is produced in the mutant as a byproduct of disrupted catabolism of L-tyrosine and L-phenylalanine.(More)
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