Adam C Paré

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Gradients of regulatory factors are essential for establishing precise patterns of gene expression during development; however, it is not clear how patterning information in multiple gradients is integrated to generate complex body plans. Here we show that opposing gradients of two Drosophila transcriptional repressors, Hunchback (Hb) and Knirps (Kni),(More)
The maternal morphogen Bicoid (Bcd) is distributed in an embryonic gradient that is critical for patterning the anterior-posterior (AP) body plan in Drosophila. Previous work identified several target genes that respond directly to Bcd-dependent activation. Positioning of these targets along the AP axis is thought to be controlled by cis-regulatory modules(More)
Elongation of the head-to-tail body axis by convergent extension is a conserved developmental process throughout metazoans. In Drosophila, patterns of transcription factor expression provide spatial cues that induce systematically oriented cell movements and promote tissue elongation. However, the mechanisms by which patterned transcriptional inputs control(More)
We tested whether Artemia abd-A could repress limbs in Drosophila embryos, and found that although abd-A transcripts were produced, ABD-A protein was not. Similarly, developing Artemia epidermal cells showed expression of abd-A transcripts without accumulation of ABD-A protein. This finding in Artemia reveals a new variation in Hox gene function that is(More)
Transposons such as P elements are routinely used to stably transfer exogenous DNA (transgenes) into the Drosophila genome. Transgene insertion events, however, are essentially random and are subject to 'position effects' from nearby endogenous regulatory elements. Here we describe a microinjection-based system that uses Cre-mediated recombination to insert(More)
The discovery of microRNAs has resulted in a major expansion of the number of molecules known to be involved in gene regulation. Elucidating the functions of animal microRNAs has posed a significant challenge as their target interactions with messenger RNAs do not adhere to simple rules. Of the thousands of known animal microRNAs, relatively few(More)
The Grainy head (GRH) family of transcription factors are crucial for the development and repair of epidermal barriers in all animals in which they have been studied. This is a high-level functional conservation, as the known structural and enzymatic genes regulated by GRH proteins differ between species depending on the type of epidermal barrier being(More)
The detection and counting of transcripts within single cells via fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) has allowed researchers to ask quantitative questions about gene expression at the level of individual cells. This method is often preferable to quantitative RT-PCR, because it does not necessitate destruction of the cells being probed and maintains(More)
The different combinations of genes active in different cells control the development and diversity of multicel-lular organisms. Yet the codes that control this process, written in both cis–regulatory and protein–coding DNA sequence, are poorly understood. This is despite the availability of imaging techniques that allow detection of gene activity at the(More)