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We investigated the role of the drug resistance-related proteins LRP, MRP and Pgp and the apoptotic suppressor, bcl-2, in relation to other clinical characteristics, with respect to response and survival in 91 patients with newly diagnosed AML, treated with standard chemotherapy. Multivariate analysis showed that poor response to chemotherapy was associated(More)
HTLV-1-associated acute adult T-cell leukaemia-lymphoma (ATL) is a highly aggressive malignant disorder with a median survival of 6 months or less. We describe an Afro-Caribbean female with very poor prognosis ATL who underwent chemotherapy with a 4 d infusion schedule of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and etoposide, followed by successful allogeneic bone(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) mediated by the drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (Pgp), may cause remission failure and relapse in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) by extruding cytotoxic agents such as anthracyclines from leukaemic cells thus allowing them to survive. Cell line data suggest that reversal of MDR is possible using modifying drugs such as(More)
The in vitro intracellular daunorubicin accumulation (IDA) of blast cells from 69 patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) was correlated with the expression and functional activity of the multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) and lung-resistance protein (LRP). An inverse(More)
We assessed the effects of 4 voluntary breathing conditions on maximal voluntary isometric force of large muscle groups. Ten subjects performed maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) of knee flexion and extension, shoulder abduction and adduction, and elbow flexion and extension under all breathing conditions: normal breathing, forced inhalation,(More)
Qualitative D-dimer results, together with clinical probability scores, are well established in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The predictive value of quantitative D-dimer levels for various clinical outcomes in VTE patients is not fully understood. D-dimer levels obtained at presentation were analysed in 699 (360 men; 339 women) VTE(More)
Schutgens RE, et al have described the predicative value of D-dimer measurement for cancer in patients with deep vein thrombosis. In their study 23% of 218 patients either had or developed a malignancy during the median follow up of 34 months. They found high Ddimer levels of > 4000 μg/L were associated with more cancer incidence especially in patients(More)
The study investigated squeezing reaction time (RT) in response to a visual cue during rhythmic voluntary breathing at 0.6 Hz paced by a metronome, breath holding, or at rest in 13 healthy subjects. Rhythmic voluntary breathing slowed down RT, only in the expiratory phase with accompanied changes in the length of respiratory phases, while breath-holding(More)