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Two major types of genetic variation are known: single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and a more recently discovered structural variation, involving changes in copy number (CNVs) of kilobase- to megabase-sized chromosomal segments. It is unknown whether CNVs arise in somatic cells, but it is, however, generally assumed that normal cells are genetically(More)
Glioblastomas (GBs) are malignant CNS tumors often associated with devastating symptoms. Patients with GB have a very poor prognosis, and despite treatment, most of them die within 12 months from diagnosis. Several pathways, such as the RAS, tumor protein 53 (TP53), and phosphoinositide kinase 3 (PIK3) pathways, as well as the cell cycle control pathway,(More)
To further explore the extent of structural large-scale variation in the human genome, we assessed copy number variations (CNVs) in a series of 71 healthy subjects from three ethnic groups. CNVs were analyzed using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to a BAC array covering the human genome, using DNA extracted from peripheral blood, thus avoiding any(More)
Human oocytes (n = 380) from 71 in-vitro fertilization patients were measured 18 h after insemination to find out if certain parameters of oocyte morphology could be related to fertilization. In addition, the number and distribution patterns of spermatozoa bound to or within the zona pellucida of 534 oocytes were analysed. The mean diameter of the human(More)
During early gestation, a considerable increase in different leukocyte subsets can be observed in the decidualized endometrium concomitantly to the invasion of cytotrophoblast cells (CTB). To date, it is still in question which factors induce this accumulation of immune cells and whether it is evoked by an in situ proliferation or by a migratory process.(More)
Somatic mosaicism for DNA copy-number alterations (SMC-CNAs) is defined as gain or loss of chromosomal segments in somatic cells within a single organism. As cells harboring SMC-CNAs can undergo clonal expansion, it has been proposed that SMC-CNAs may contribute to the predisposition of these cells to genetic disease including cancer. Herein, the gross(More)
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