Learn More
BACKGROUND Autologous chondrocyte implantation is indicated as a second-line treatment of large, irregularly shaped chondral defects after failure of first-line surgical intervention. This study examines the clinical results of a patient cohort undergoing autologous chondrocyte implantation and elucidates factors associated with subjective improvement after(More)
Although most glenohumeral cartilaginous lesions are incidental findings and well tolerated, a symptomatic cartilage injury in a young, active individual remains a challenge. The diagnosis of this symptomatic lesion is difficult, and is usually only arrived at once other shoulder comorbidities and sources of glenohumeral pain are ruled out. Once diagnosed,(More)
BACKGROUND Recognition of the symbiotic relationship between the meniscus and articular cartilage is critical to the success of meniscal allograft transplantation. Simultaneous combined meniscal allograft transplantation and cartilage restoration procedures have been proposed for patients with a symptomatic postmeniscectomy knee with a focal chondral defect(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data suggest that anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with irradiated allograft tissue may lead to increased failure rates. HYPOTHESIS Low-dose (1.0-1.2 Mrad) gamma irradiation does not significantly alter the preimplantation biomechanical properties of bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) allografts. STUDY DESIGN Controlled(More)
PURPOSE To determine if significant differences exist between male and female CAM deformities using quantitative 3-dimensional (3D) volume and location analysis. METHODS Retrospective analysis of preoperative computed tomographic (CT) scans for 138 femurs (69 from male patients and 69 from female patients) diagnosed with impingement from November 2009 to(More)
Patients with chronic rotator cuff tears frequently have anterior shoulder pain attributed to the long head of the biceps brachii (LHBB) tendon. In this study, tenodesis or tenotomy samples and cadaveric controls were assessed by use of immunohistochemical and histologic methods to quantify inflammation, vascularity, and neuronal plasticity. Patients had(More)
BACKGROUND Previous investigations have reported on the chondrotoxicity of bupivacaine in short-term in vivo and in vitro models. This study was designed to provide additional information on the long-term effects of bupivacaine infusion on articular cartilage in an established rabbit shoulder model. HYPOTHESIS Infusion of bupivacaine into the rabbit(More)
BACKGROUND Rotator cuff repair retear rates range from 25% to 90%, necessitating methods to improve repair strength. Although numerous laboratory studies have compared single-row with double-row fixation properties, little is known regarding regional (ie, medial vs lateral) suture retention properties in intact and torn tendons. HYPOTHESIS A torn(More)
BACKGROUND Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to labral injury, osseous changes, and even osteoarthritis. The literature contains inconsistent definitions of the alpha angle and other nonthree-dimensional (3-D) radiographic measures. We present a novel approach to quantifying cam lesions in 3-D terms. Our method also can be used to develop a(More)
BACKGROUND Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is commonly performed with a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) allograft. However, grafts may result from harvesting the central region of a whole graft (C-BTB), the medial 10 mm of a lateral hemi-BTB (L-BTB) graft, or the lateral 10 mm of a medial hemi-BTB (M-BTB) graft. PURPOSE To quantify(More)