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Many biological pathways were first uncovered by identifying mutants with visible phenotypes and by scoring every sample in a screen via tedious and subjective visual inspection. Now, automated image analysis can effectively score many phenotypes. In practical application, customizing an image-analysis algorithm or finding a sufficient number of example(More)
We report the discovery of small molecules that target the Rho pathway, which is a central regulator of cytokinesis--the final step in cell division. We have developed a way of targeting a small molecule screen toward a specific pathway, which should be widely applicable to the investigation of any signaling pathway. In a chemical genetic variant of a(More)
The histone methyltransferase G9a is overexpressed in a variety of cancer types, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and promotes tumor invasiveness and metastasis. We recently reported the discovery of BRD4770, a small-molecule inhibitor of G9a that induces senescence in PANC-1 cells. We observed that the cytotoxic effects of BRD4770 were dependent on(More)
Fusion of phagosomes with late endocytic organelles is essential for cellular digestion of microbial pathogens, senescent cells, apoptotic bodies, and retinal outer segment fragments. To further elucidate the biochemistry of the targeting process, we developed a scintillation proximity assay to study the stepwise association of lysosomes and phagosomes in(More)
Lysosomes perform a critical cellular function as a site of degradation for diverse cargoes including proteins, organelles, and pathogens delivered through distinct pathways, and defects in lysosomal function have been implicated in a number of diseases. Recent studies have elucidated roles for the lysosome in the regulation of protein synthesis,(More)
Studies of human genetics and pathophysiology have implicated the regulation of autophagy in inflammation, neurodegeneration, infection, and autoimmunity. These findings have motivated the use of small-molecule probes to study how modulation of autophagy affects disease-associated phenotypes. Here, we describe the discovery of the small-molecule probe(More)
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