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We measured the apparent contrast and spatial frequency of a parafoveal Gabor signal located at the center of an array of Gabor signals as a function of both element density and the direction of contrast and spatial frequency of the surrounding elements. The target Gabor appeared lower in contrast and higher in spatial frequency when the elements were in(More)
We studied lateral neural interactions in strabismic (n=6) and anisometropic amblyopes (n=3) by measuring reductions in the perceived contrast of a foveally viewed Gabor centred in a horizontal array of closely neighboring Gabors. Strabismic amblyopes, but not anisometropic amblyopes, failed to show the reduction in perceived contrast typical of normal(More)
Modulation frequency and orientation tuning of second-order mechanisms underlying the detection of modulation in local spatial-frequency information are assessed by using an oblique-masking paradigm. Stimuli were Gabor-filtered noise patterns in which the local carrier spatial frequency was modulated about an average value of 4.7 cycles per degree (cpd)(More)
This study attempted to identify the major sources of work-related stress among telephone operators, with special emphasis on computer monitoring and telephone surveillance. A cross-sectional random sample of over 700 telephone operators participated in a questionnaire survey (response rate = 88%). The survey included items designed to measure perceived(More)
A functional model is used to describe the effect of target intensity and target-set similarity on backward visual masking. The model consists of two distinct stages of visual information processing. The first stage is related to sensory transduction and transmission and is assumed to require a finite and measurable amount of time during which performance(More)
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