Adam A Behensky

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Microglial cells play a critical role in the neuroinflammatory response that accompanies various diseases of the central nervous system, such as ischemic stroke, and ATP is a major signaling molecule regulating the response of these cells to these pathophysiological conditions. Experiments were carried out to determine the effects of afobazole on microglial(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease and the leading cause of senile dementia in the United States. Accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) and the effects of this peptide on microglial cells contribute greatly to the etiology of AD. Experiments were carried out to determine whether the pan-selective σ-receptor agonist afobazole can(More)
There is currently a significant lack of therapeutic options for acute ischemic stroke, and no drug has been approved for treating patients at delayed time points (≥6h post-stroke). Afobazole, an anxiolytic currently used clinically in Russia, has been shown to reduce neuronal and glial cell injury in vitro following ischemia. Experiments using the(More)
Activation of sigma receptors at delayed time points has been shown to decrease injury following ischemic stroke. The mixed σ1/σ2 receptor agonist, 5-ethoxy-2-[2-(morpholino)-ethylthio]benzimidazole (afobazole), provides superior long-term outcomes compared to other σ ligands in the rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) stroke model. Experiments using(More)
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