Learn More
BACKGROUND In chronic nephropathies, inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is renoprotective, but can further renoprotection be achieved by reduction of blood pressure to lower than usual targets? We aimed to assess the effect of intensified versus conventional blood-pressure control on progression to end-stage renal disease. METHODS We(More)
This review aims to assist in the categorization of inherited, developmental, and acquired cystic disease of the kidney as well as to provide a pertinent, up-to-date bibliography. The conditions included are autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease, autosomal-recessive polycystic kidney disease, unilateral renal cystic disease (localized cystic(More)
The COL4A5 gene encodes the alpha5 (type IV) collagen chain and is defective in X-linked Alport syndrome (AS). Here, we report the first systematic analysis of all 51 exons of COL4A5 gene in a series of 201 Italian AS patients. We have previously reported nine major rearrangements, as well as 18 small mutations identified in the same patient series by SSCP(More)
Fabry disease is a rare X-linked disorder, characterized by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. This leads to systemic accumulation of the glycosphingolipid globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) in all body tissues and organs, including the kidney. Renal manifestations are less evident in female heterozygotes than in male hemizygotes,(More)
The Polyomaviridae family includes several viruses that are ubiquitous with specific host spectra. The human polyoma viruses BK and JC were discovered in 1971. Following primary infection, transmitted by the respiratory and probably the oral route, BK remains latent in uroepithelial cells, in B lymphocytes, or in other tissues (spleen, brain). Reactivation(More)
Anderson-Fabry disease (AFd) is caused by an X-linked inborn error in the glycosphingoLipid metabolic pathway due to an enzymatic defect in a lysosomal hydrolase: alpha-galactosidase A. The defect results in the progressive accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids in most body fluids and several tissues. The clinical manifestations of AFd are related to(More)
BACKGROUND Fechtner syndrome (FTNS), also known as Alport-like syndrome, is a rare inherited condition characterized by progressive nephritis, macrothrombocytopenia, Döhle-like leukocyte inclusions, deafness, and cataract. Although it recently was shown that FTNS derives from mutation of MYH9, the gene for the heavy chain of nonmuscle myosin IIA(More)
Anderson-Fabry disease (AFd) is a rare X-linked lisosomal storage disorder of glycosphingolipid (GL) metabolism, caused by a deficiency of the activity of alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-gal A). The progressive accumulation of GL in tissues results in the clinical manifestations of the disease, that are more evident in hemizygous males, and include(More)