Ada Piepoli

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BACKGROUND AND AIM Altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) hallmarks many cancer types. The study of the associations of miRNA expression profile and cancer phenotype could help identify the links between deregulation of miRNA expression and oncogenic pathways. METHODS Expression profiling of 866 human miRNAs in 19 colorectal and 17 pancreatic cancers(More)
MOTIVATIONS One of the main problems in cancer diagnosis by using DNA microarray data is selecting genes relevant for the pathology by analyzing their expression profiles in tissues in two different phenotypical conditions. The question we pose is the following: how do we measure the relevance of a single gene in a given pathology? METHODS A gene is(More)
MOTIVATION A major challenge in current biomedical research is the identification of cellular processes deregulated in a given pathology through the analysis of gene expression profiles. To this end, predefined lists of genes, coding specific functions, are compared with a list of genes ordered according to their values of differential expression measured(More)
The malignant transformation of precancerous colorectal lesions involves progressive alterations at both the molecular and morphologic levels, the latter consisting of increases in size and in the degree of cellular atypia. Analyzing preinvasive tumors of different sizes can therefore shed light on the sequence of these alterations. We used a molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Aberrant DNA methylation of CpG islands of cancer-related genes is among the earliest and most frequent alterations in cancerogenesis and might be of value for either diagnosing cancer or evaluating recurrent disease. This mechanism usually leads to inactivation of tumour-suppressor genes. We have designed the current study to validate our(More)
We performed a multistage genome-wide association study including 7,683 individuals with pancreatic cancer and 14,397 controls of European descent. Four new loci reached genome-wide significance: rs6971499 at 7q32.3 (LINC-PINT, per-allele odds ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.74-0.84, P = 3.0 × 10(-12)), rs7190458 at 16q23.1(More)
It is known from recent studies that more than 90% of human multi-exon genes are subject to Alternative Splicing (AS), a key molecular mechanism in which multiple transcripts may be generated from a single gene. It is widely recognized that a breakdown in AS mechanisms plays an important role in cellular differentiation and pathologies. Polymerase Chain(More)
The most frequent malignant tumor of the kidney in adults is represented by renal cell carcinoma characterized by high lethality related to presence of metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis. The main characteristic molecular feature of most sporadic renal cell carcinomas is the mutation of the tumor suppressor gene encoding the von Hippel-Lindau(More)
One of the major problems in genomics and medicine is the identification of gene networks and pathways deregulated in complex and polygenic diseases, like cancer. In this paper, we address the problem of assessing the variability of results of pathways analysis identified in different and independent genome wide expression studies, in which the same(More)
Differential gene expression profiling studies have lead to the identification of several disease biomarkers. However, the oncogenic alterations in coding regions can modify the gene functions without affecting their own expression profiles. Moreover, post-translational modifications can modify the activity of the coded protein without altering the(More)