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The induction of DNA strand breaks in human diploid fibroblasts (VH-10) was demonstrated after in vitro exposure with two carcinogenic epoxides, propylene oxide (PO) and epichlorohydrin (ECH). Alkaline DNA unwinding (ADU), pulsed field gel electropharosis (PFGE), and the comet assay were used to measure DNA single. (SSBs) and double-strand breaks (DSBs). A(More)
The main aim of the ACuteTox project, under EU 6th Framework programme, is to investigate whether animal toxicity tests for acute systemic toxicity could be replaced by a combination of alternative assays. Data for 97 reference chemicals was collected in the ACuteTox database (Acutoxbase), designed to handle invitro and invivo (human and animal) lodged(More)
Ethylene oxide (EtO), propylene oxide (PO), and epichlorohydrin (ECH) strongly influenced the G1/S progression in human diploid fibroblasts, VH-10. However, these epoxides did not affect substantially the G2/M progression. It was found that G1 arrest is induced by these epoxides 6-18 h after the treatment at doses above 5, 3, and 0.5 mMh for EtO, PO, and(More)
In vitro exposure of normal human diploid fibroblasts (strain VH-10) to ethylene oxide (EtO) induced DNA strand breaks in the dose range of 2.5-30 mMh of EtO. Alkaline DNA unwinding (ADU), neutral filter elution (NFE), pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and the comet assay were used to measure DNA single (SSBs) and double strand breaks (DSBs).(More)
Ethylene oxide (EtO), propylene oxide (PO) and epichlorohydrin (ECH) are important industrial chemicals widely used as intermediates for various synthetic products. EtO and PO are also environmental pollutants. In this review we summarize data published during the period 1990-2001 concerning both the genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of these epoxides in(More)
Ethylene oxide (EtO)-induced mutations in the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) gene were characterized in 28 independently derived 6-thioguanine-resistant human diploid fibroblast clones using polymerase chain reaction-based techniques and Southern blot analysis. Sequence analysis revealed one single base pair deletion and 13 base(More)
The neoplastic cell transformation induced by propylene oxide (PO) and epichlorohydrin (ECH) was studied in two in vitro assays, mouse embryo fibroblasts (C3H/10T1/2) and Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells. In C3H/10T1/2 cells treated with PO (2.5-10 mM), the transformation frequencies were enhanced about 2-4 times in the presence of(More)
A dose-dependent transforming ability of the direct-acting alkylating agent, ethylene oxide (EtO), was demonstrated in C3H/10T1/2 mouse embryo fibroblasts. Morphologically transformed colonies were observed 5-6 weeks after the treatment with EtO. The transforming effectiveness of EtO was compared with that of gamma-radiation, and the rad-equivalence of EtO(More)
Cell transformation in vitro of C3H/10T1/2 cells, using gamma-radiation and ethylene oxide (EtO), in both the absence and presence of the cancer promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), was studied. TPA promotes transformation of C3H/10T1/2 cells to the same extent. In the dose ranges studied the average enhancement of the transformation(More)
The repair kinetics of DNA single- and double-strand breaks (SSBs, DSBs) induced with two carcinogenic epoxides, propylene oxide (PO) and epichlorohydrin (ECH), was studied in human diploid fibroblasts. The methods used were: alkaline DNA unwinding (ADU), the comet assay, and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). About 70% of SSBs, measured by ADU, were(More)