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The membrane proteins CD38 and CD157 belong to an evolutionarily conserved family of enzymes that play crucial roles in human physiology. Expressed in distinct patterns in most tissues, CD38 (and CD157) cleaves NAD(+) and NADP(+), generating cyclic ADP ribose (cADPR), NAADP, and ADPR. These reaction products are essential for the regulation of intracellular(More)
Ghrelin is a novel gastrointestinal hormone produced by rat and human gastric X-like neuroendocrine cells, which strongly stimulates GH secretion and influences energy balance, gastric motility, and acid secretion. Ghrelin is expressed in pituitary and gastrointestinal endocrine tumors. It binds to the GH secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), which is present in a(More)
CD38 (also known as T10) was identified in the late 1970s in the course of pioneering work carried out at the Dana-Farber Cancer Center (Boston, MA) that focused on the identification of surface molecules involved in antigen recognition. CD38 was initially found on thymocytes and T lymphocytes, but today we know that the molecule is found throughout the(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) is characterized by immunologic abnormalities, injury of endothelial cells, and tissue fibrosis. Abnormal oxidative stress has been documented in scleroderma and linked to fibroblast activation. Since platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulates the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and since IgG(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The direct implication of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection of human hepatocyte has not been demonstrated. Normal primary human hepatocytes infected by serum HCV were used to document this point. METHODS Expression and activity of LDLR were assessed by RT-PCR and LDL entry, in the absence or(More)
Insulin secretion is one of the functions mediated by CD38, a nonlineage pleiotropic cell surface receptor. The molecule is the target of an autoimmune response, because serum autoantibodies (aAbs) to CD38 have been detected in diabetic patients. In the healthy Caucasian population, the CD38 gene is bi-allelic (86% CD38*B and 14% CD38*A), whereas an(More)
Somatostatin receptors type 2 (sst2) have been frequently detected in neuroendocrine tumors and bind somatostatin analogues, such as octreotide, with high affinity. Receptor autoradiography, specific mRNA detection and, more recently, antisst2 polyclonal antibodies are currently employed to reveal sst2. The aim of the present study was to investigate by(More)
Human CD38 is a signal transduction molecule, and, concurrently, an ectoenzyme catalyzing the synthesis and degradation of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a potent Ca2+ mobilizer. One facet of CD38 that has not yet been addressed is its role in NK cells. To this end, the events triggered by CD38 ligation with agonistic mAb were analyzed on freshly purified human(More)
In addition to its catalytic activities as ecto-NAD+ glycohydrolase (NADase), CD38 displays the ability to transduce signals of biological relevance. Indeed, ligation of CD38 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by agonistic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is followed by the transcription and secretion of a vast array of regulatory cytokines. The(More)