Ada Castelli

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The present randomized study was undertaken in order to compare the short-term results between total laparoscopic hysterectomy and abdominal hysterectomy in a centre with experience in laparoscopic surgery. From January 1997 to September 1998 inclusive, 102 women aged 44-71 years were randomly assigned to either total laparoscopic hysterectomy (n = 51(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been implicated in the accelerated vascular injury occurring in diabetes. We recently reported that LDL prepared from type 2 diabetic patients (dm-LDL), but not normal LDL (n-LDL) triggered signal transducers and activators of transcription STAT5 activation and p21(waf) expression in endothelial cells (ECs). The(More)
Alkaline phosphatase is inactivated by mixed function oxidation systems. OH. radicals, generated via an ascorbate-modified Haber-Weiss cycle or a Fenton-type reaction, seem to be responsible for the protein oxidative damage. Experiments with hydroxyl radical scavengers, enzyme substrates, products, and metal cofactors suggest that a "site-specific" radical(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant nodular hidradenoma (MNH) is an infrequent, highly malignant, primary skin tumour derived from eccrine sweat glands. Most tumours occur in elderly individuals. MNH has very poor prognosis, high recurrence and a high rate of metastases. The best method of treatment is still unclear: radical surgical excision is widely used, and selective(More)
Moderate concentrations of guanidinium chloride induce both instantaneous and time-dependent modifications of the catalytic and optical properties of intestinal alkaline phosphatase, which undergoes consecutive conformational transitions at about 0.05 M, 0.25 M and 1.0 M denaturant. A paradoxical activation is observed up to 1.0 M-guanidine, with a maximum(More)
For more than two decades, the intravenous administration of high doses of IgG pooled from the plasma of healthy donors (immune globulin therapy, also known as 'IVIG') has benefited patients with a variety of autoimmune disorders. A potential therapeutic role of IVIG in the prevention of thrombosis and of miscarriages in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has(More)
The binding of ascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid to bovine serum albumin is greatly heterogeneous. The Hill plots, as evaluated from the fluorescence quenching measurements, clearly show a biphasic behaviour. Scatchard analysis moreover indicates that the potency and the pattern of the binding can change gradually in the process of occupation of(More)
The evaluation of a recently published colorimetric method for plasma ascorbic acid determination, using phosphotungstic acid (PTA), was performed by comparison with the largely employed 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) procedure. The method has been evaluated according to International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (I.F.C.C.) recommendations. In(More)
Human peripheral leukocytes from healthy donors have been isolated by means of a suitable separation method to obtain a high yield of lymphocytes and granulocytes with a very low contamination of platelets and red blood cells. Mononuclear cells so purified contain more than double amounts of vitamin C than polymorphonuclear cells. The difference between(More)
Different water purity provokes a great variation of the stability of ascorbic acid and isoascorbic acid solutions. The effect of temperature on ascorbate aerobic oxidation was assessed by means of Arrhenius plots from which thermodynamic parameters were derived. The presence of bovine serum albumin drastically reduces the vitamin oxidation rate regardless(More)