Learn More
The purpose of the present study was to estimate the point prevalence of dental fear and dental phobia relative to 10 other common fears and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV-TR subtypes of specific phobia. Data were also analysed to examine differences with regard to severity, presence of distressing recollections of(More)
This study presents a contribution to the understanding of the mechanisms that are involved in the development and maintenance of dental anxiety. Subjects were 224 undergraduate psychology students who completed questionnaires regarding dental anxiety, painful and traumatic experiences, negative cognitions, dental beliefs, and how their attitude to dental(More)
IMPORTANCE The efficacy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatments in psychosis has not been examined in a randomized clinical trial to our knowledge. Psychosis is an exclusion criterion in most PTSD trials. OBJECTIVE To examine the efficacy and safety of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)(More)
Although there is evidence to suggest that people with intellectual disabilities (ID) are likely to suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), reviews of the evidence base, and the potential consequences of this contention are absent. The purpose of this article is to present a comprehensive account of the literature on prevalence, assessment, and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a single session of cognitive restructuring in a sample of phobic dental patients. Fifty-two patients were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: cognitive restructuring (modification of negative cognitions), provision of information (about oral health and dental treatment), and a(More)
BACKGROUND Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing therapy (EMDR) are efficacious treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but few studies have directly compared them using well-powered designs and few have investigated response patterns. AIMS To compare the efficacy and response(More)
Relatively little is known about the anxiety-provoking capacity of the various objects and situations characteristic of the dental setting. The aims of the current study were to establish a hierarchy of anxiety-provoking capacities of a large set of dental stimuli and to determine the differences in relation to gender, age, ethnicity, and level of dental(More)
According to BECK's cognitive model of emotional disorders (1976) anxiety is associated with negative and threatening thoughts concerning the likelihood of personal danger. In the present study the content of thoughts of 32 anxious dental patients was investigated. Patients' mean score for the Dental Anxiety Scale was 17.1 (SD = 2.0). The average time(More)
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Dental Cognitions Questionnaire (DCQ). This measure contains 38 items and assesses both frequency and believability of negative cognitions related to dental treatment. The results indicated that the DCQ has good internal consistency, high test-retest reliability, and satisfactory concurrent(More)
The present study was intended to explore the relationship between individuals' level of dental anxiety and thoughts (both self-statements and mental images) related to dental treatment. Subjects were 210 psychology students (75 males, 135 females). The results showed that 98% of the subjects reported one or more negative or catastrophic thoughts. A(More)