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The purpose of the present study was to estimate the point prevalence of dental fear and dental phobia relative to 10 other common fears and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV-TR subtypes of specific phobia. Data were also analysed to examine differences with regard to severity, presence of distressing recollections of(More)
The present study uses a within-group controlled design to examine the efficacy and safety of two psychological approaches to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in 10 patients with a concurrent psychotic disorder. Patients were randomly assigned either to prolonged exposure (PE; N=5) or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR; N=5). Before,(More)
This study presents a contribution to the understanding of the mechanisms that are involved in the development and maintenance of dental anxiety. Subjects were 224 undergraduate psychology students who completed questionnaires regarding dental anxiety, painful and traumatic experiences, negative cognitions, dental beliefs, and how their attitude to dental(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a single session of cognitive restructuring in a sample of phobic dental patients. Fifty-two patients were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: cognitive restructuring (modification of negative cognitions), provision of information (about oral health and dental treatment), and a(More)
IMPORTANCE The efficacy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatments in psychosis has not been examined in a randomized clinical trial to our knowledge. Psychosis is an exclusion criterion in most PTSD trials. OBJECTIVE To examine the efficacy and safety of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)(More)
BACKGROUND Building on previous research with disaster-exposed children and adolescents, a randomised clinical trial was performed in the treatment of trauma-related symptoms. In the current study two active treatments were compared among children in a broad age range and from a wide diversity of ethnic populations. OBJECTIVE The primary aim was to(More)
The purpose of the present study was to assess which types of experiences are most closely associated with pathological forms of dental anxiety. Data came from a sample of dental patients (n=1462). Pathological dental anxiety was operationalized in two ways: (1) a score of > or =36 on the Short form of the Dental Anxiety Inventory (S-DAI; high dental(More)
Evidence from twin studies suggests that genetic factors contribute to the risk of developing a fear or a phobia. The aim of the present study was to review the current literature regarding twin studies describing the genetic basis of specific phobias and their corresponding fears. The analysis included five twin studies on fears and ten twin studies on(More)
Although there is evidence to suggest that people with intellectual disabilities (ID) are likely to suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), reviews of the evidence base, and the potential consequences of this contention are absent. The purpose of this article is to present a comprehensive account of the literature on prevalence, assessment, and(More)
OBJECTIVE There are few studies regarding assessment and treatment of trauma-related disorders in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). The aims of this study were to determine (1) the feasibility of an adapted version of a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-clinical interview and (2) to what extent manifestation of PTSD in a sample of children(More)