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The purpose of the present study was to estimate the point prevalence of dental fear and dental phobia relative to 10 other common fears and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV-TR subtypes of specific phobia. Data were also analysed to examine differences with regard to severity, presence of distressing recollections of(More)
This study presents a contribution to the understanding of the mechanisms that are involved in the development and maintenance of dental anxiety. Subjects were 224 undergraduate psychology students who completed questionnaires regarding dental anxiety, painful and traumatic experiences, negative cognitions, dental beliefs, and how their attitude to dental(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to determine the association between dental anxiety and quality of life (QoL) and to test the hypothesis that treatment of highly anxious patients would significantly enhance QoL. MATERIAL AND METHODS Subjects were 35 highly anxious dental patients of a Dutch dental fear clinic who were assessed on dental trait(More)
IMPORTANCE The efficacy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatments in psychosis has not been examined in a randomized clinical trial to our knowledge. Psychosis is an exclusion criterion in most PTSD trials. OBJECTIVE To examine the efficacy and safety of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)(More)
The present study uses a within-group controlled design to examine the efficacy and safety of two psychological approaches to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in 10 patients with a concurrent psychotic disorder. Patients were randomly assigned either to prolonged exposure (PE; N=5) or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR; N=5). Before,(More)
This paper aims to provide an overview of the current knowledge regarding the management of adult dentally anxious patients. Furthermore, an attempt is made to formulate a number of preliminary clinical guidelines, based on the available literature. The findings are discussed in the light of the following four problem areas or types of patients, those with:(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a single session of cognitive restructuring in a sample of phobic dental patients. Fifty-two patients were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: cognitive restructuring (modification of negative cognitions), provision of information (about oral health and dental treatment), and a(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status, treatment needs, and barriers to dental care of noninstitutionalized children in The Netherlands who have severe disabilities. The oral health status of 61 children (38% female; 4-12 years of age; M = 7.7, SD = 2.2), randomly selected from seven different daycare centers, was evaluated.(More)
BACKGROUND Building on previous research with disaster-exposed children and adolescents, a randomised clinical trial was performed in the treatment of trauma-related symptoms. In the current study two active treatments were compared among children in a broad age range and from a wide diversity of ethnic populations. OBJECTIVE The primary aim was to(More)
The purpose of the present study was to assess which types of experiences are most closely associated with pathological forms of dental anxiety. Data came from a sample of dental patients (n=1462). Pathological dental anxiety was operationalized in two ways: (1) a score of > or =36 on the Short form of the Dental Anxiety Inventory (S-DAI; high dental(More)