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Internal models serve sensory processing, sensorimotor integration and motor control. They could be a way to construct and update a sense of verticality, by combining vestibular and somatosensory graviception. We tested this hypothesis by investigating self-orientation relative to gravity in 39 normal subjects and in subjects with various somatosensory(More)
About 80 papers dealing with verticality after stroke have been published in the last 20years. Here we reviewed the reasons and findings that explain why measuring verticality perception after stroke is interesting. Research on verticality perception after stroke has contributed to improve the knowledge on brain mechanisms, which build up and update a sense(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is one of the complications of atherosclerosis. Intermittent claudication is the second stage of PAD. In controlled studies on patients with Stage II PAD, intensive rehabilitation training has proved effective for improving the walking distance in this population. The objective of this prospective study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE To test sensitivity to proprioceptive, vestibular and visual stimulations of stroke patients with regard to balance. METHOD The postural control of 20 hemiparetic patients after a single hemispheric stroke that had occurred at least 6 months before the study along with 20 controls was probed with vibration, optokinetic, and vestibular galvanic(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) mode of administration on sleep and sleep-related breathing events in severely disabled patients with severe spasticity. DESIGN Open prospective trial. SETTING Physical medicine and rehabilitation department. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=11) treated with ITB pump for severe spasticity. (More)
PURPOSE The perception of verticality results from the integration of vestibular, visual and somatosensory information. Spinal cord injured patients with complete paraplegia have total somatosensory deafferentation below a certain metameric segment. In our study, we were interested in the implication of somatosensory signal in the construction of(More)
BACKGROUND Shortly after stroke, patients exhibit excessive sensitivity to visual, proprioceptive and vestibular perturbations regarding balance control. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the stability of this perceptual behaviour after stroke and test the relationships between sensory sensitivity and balance. METHODS Thirty subjects following a hemispheric stroke(More)
Gait and balance disorders are often major causes of handicap in patients with cerebellar ataxia. Although it was thought that postural and balance disorders in cerebellar ataxia were not treatable, recent studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of rehabilitation programs. This article is the first systematic review on the treatment of postural(More)
Rehabilitation improves the functional prognosis of patients after a neurologic lesion, and tendency is to begin rehabilitation as soon as possible. This review focuses on the interest and the feasibility of very early rehabilitation, initiated from critical care units. It is necessary to precisely assess patients' impairments and disabilities in order to(More)
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