Adèle Martin

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Haemophilus influenzae undergoes phase variation in expression of the phosphorylcholine (ChoP) epitope, a structure present on several invasive pathogens residing in the human respiratory tract. In this study, structural analysis comparing organisms with and without this epitope confirmed that variants differ in the presence of ChoP on the cell(More)
We investigated the conservation and antibody accessibility of inner core epitopes of Neisseria meningitidis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) because of their potential as vaccine candidates. An immunoglobulin G3 murine monoclonal antibody (MAb), designated MAb B5, was obtained by immunizing mice with a galE mutant of N. meningitidis H44/76 (B. 15.P1.7,16(More)
The application of 13-C nuclear magnetic resonance to the analysis of some sialic acid-containing meningococcal polysaccharide antigens is described. Complete assignments of the spectra of both the native serogroup B and the de-O-acetylated serogroup C polysaccharides have been made. These assignments were based on the corresponding data for some related(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a virulence determinant of Haemophilus influenzae and exhibits substantial heterogeneity in structure within and between strains. Key factors contributing to this heterogeneity are the genes required to add the first glycose to each of the three heptose residues of the LPS inner core. In each case this addition can facilitate(More)
The lic1 locus of Haemophilus influenzae controls the incorporation of environmental choline into lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as phosphorylcholine (ChoP) as well as the phase variation of this structure. ChoP is the target of an acute phase reactant in serum, C-reactive protein (CRP), which mediates killing through the activation of complement when bound to(More)
A survey of Haemophilus influenzae strains indicated that around one-third of capsular strains and over two-thirds of non-typeable strains included sialic acid in their lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Mutation of the CMP-Neu5Ac synthetase gene (siaB) resulted in a sialylation-deficient phenotype. Isogenic pairs, wild type and siaB mutant of two non-typeable(More)
Otitis media, a common and often recurrent bacterial infection of childhood, is a major reason for physician visits and the prescription of antimicrobials. Haemophilus influenzae is the cause of approximately 20% of episodes of bacterial otitis media, but most strains lack the capsule, a factor known to play a critical role in the virulence of strains(More)
Structural elucidation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Haemophilus influenzae, strain Rd, a capsule-deficient type d strain, has been achieved by using high-field NMR techniques and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) on delipidated LPS and core oligosaccharide samples. It was found that this organism expresses heterogeneous populations of(More)
The biosynthetic function of the lgtABE genetic locus of Neisseria meningitidis was determined by structural analysis of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from mutant strains and enzymic assay for glycosyltransferase activity. LPS was obtained from mutants generated by insertion of antibiotic resistance cassets in each of the three genes lgtA, lgtB, lgtE of(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major virulence determinant of Haemophilus influenzae. The organism is capable of expressing a heterogeneous population of LPS which exhibits extensive antigenic diversity among multiple oligosaccharide (OS) epitopes. Structural elucidation of variable and conserved OS epitopes of H. influenzae serotype b strain Eagan was(More)