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The application of 13-C nuclear magnetic resonance to the analysis of some sialic acid-containing meningococcal polysaccharide antigens is described. Complete assignments of the spectra of both the native serogroup B and the de-O-acetylated serogroup C polysaccharides have been made. These assignments were based on the corresponding data for some related(More)
We investigated the conservation and antibody accessibility of inner core epitopes of Neisseria meningitidis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) because of their potential as vaccine candidates. An immunoglobulin G3 murine monoclonal antibody (MAb), designated MAb B5, was obtained by immunizing mice with a galE mutant of N. meningitidis H44/76 (B. 15.P1.7,16(More)
The biosynthetic function of the lgtABE genetic locus of Neisseria meningitidis was determined by structural analysis of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from mutant strains and enzymic assay for glycosyltransferase activity. LPS was obtained from mutants generated by insertion of antibiotic resistance cassets in each of the three genes lgtA, lgtB, lgtE of(More)
The application of 13C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to the structural determination of the capsular polysaccharide antigens of Neisseria meningitidis is described. Complete assignments of the spectra of the polysaccharides of serogroups A, B, C, W-135, X and Y were made and were based mainly on previous assignments made for the monomer units of(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a virulence determinant of Haemophilus influenzae and exhibits substantial heterogeneity in structure within and between strains. Key factors contributing to this heterogeneity are the genes required to add the first glycose to each of the three heptose residues of the LPS inner core. In each case this addition can facilitate(More)
Structural elucidation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Haemophilus influenzae, strain Rd, a capsule-deficient type d strain, has been achieved by using high-field NMR techniques and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) on delipidated LPS and core oligosaccharide samples. It was found that this organism expresses heterogeneous populations of(More)
The availability of the complete 1.83-megabase-pair sequence of the Haemophilus influenzae strain Rd genome has facilitated significant progress in investigating the biology of H.influenzae lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a major virulence determinant of this human pathogen. By searching the H. influenzae genomic database, with sequences of known LPS biosynthetic(More)
The recent cloning of the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) a-2,3-sialyltransferase from Neisseria meningitidis immunotype L3 permitted us to examine other immunotypes for this structural gene. We identified the gene and measured the enzyme activity in the L1 immunotype strain which had previously been reported to lack sialic acid in its LOS because it contains a(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major virulence determinant of Haemophilus influenzae. The organism is capable of expressing a heterogeneous population of LPS which exhibits extensive antigenic diversity among multiple oligosaccharide (OS) epitopes. Structural elucidation of variable and conserved OS epitopes of H. influenzae serotype b strain Eagan was(More)
The purified high molecular weight serogroup Y meningococcal polysaccharide contains equimolar proportions of D-glucose and N-acetylneuraminic acid and is partially O-acetylated. Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies, together with other chemical data, have indicated that the polysaccharide is linked only at C-6 of the D-glucose and C-4 of the(More)