Achut G. Malur

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Surfactant accumulates in alveolar macrophages of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) knockout (KO) mice and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) patients with a functional loss of GM-CSF resulting from neutralizing anti-GM-CSF antibody. Alveolar macrophages from PAP patients and GM-CSF KO mice are de-ficient in peroxisome(More)
Patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) display impaired surfactant clearance, foamy, lipid-filled alveolar macrophages, and increased cholesterol metabolites within the lung. Neutralizing autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are also present, resulting in virtual GM-CSF deficiency. We investigated ABCG1 and(More)
Identification of African swine fever virus (ASFV) proteins recognised by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) from swine surviving ASFV/NH/P68 infection was assessed using expression vectors based on the Pseudomonas aeruginosa outer membrane lipoprotein I gene (oprI). Viral antigens expressed as fusion lipoproteins were shown to be taken efficiently by porcine(More)
The Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipoprotein gene (oprl) was modified by cloning an in-frame polylinker in both orientations at the end of oprl. The resulting plasmids pVUBl and pVUB2 allow high lipoprotein production in E. coli after IPTG induction. The modified lipoproteins are present in the outer membrane and surface-exposed. Outer membrane-bound fusion(More)
The P mRNA of the viruses belonging to the subfamily Paramyxovirinae possesses a unique property of giving rise to several accessory proteins by a process that involves the utilization of overlapping open reading frames (the C proteins) and by an "RNA-editing" mechanism (the V proteins). Although these proteins are considered accessory, numerous studies(More)
The C protein of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV 3), like other paramyxovirus C proteins, is synthesized from an alternate open reading frame (ORF) encoded within the phosphoprotein (P) mRNA, in addition, to two other proteins, namely D and V, which arise from the same mRNA by a process of transcriptional editing. The precise role of the C, D, and V(More)
The phosphoprotein (P) of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV 3) plays a central role in the viral genome RNA transcription and replication. It acts as an essential cofactor of the RNA polymerase (L) by forming a functional L-P complex, binds to the genomic N-RNA template to recruit the L-P complex for RNA synthesis, and interacts with the nucleocapsid(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is constitutively expressed at high levels in healthy alveolar macrophages, in contrast to other tissue macrophages and blood monocytes. PPARgamma ligands have been shown to down-regulate IFN-gamma-stimulated inducible NO synthase (iNOS) in macrophages. Because NO is an important inflammatory(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a nuclear transcription factor involved in lipid metabolism that is constitutively expressed in the alveolar macrophages of healthy individuals. PPARgamma has recently been implicated in the catabolism of surfactant by alveolar macrophages, specifically the cholesterol component of surfactant(More)
  African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the causative agent of an important pig disease for which protective mechanisms are still poorly understood. The present work was aimed at the characterisation of ASFV antigens using previously reported vectors that allow their expression as fusion proteins with the bacterial lipoprotein OprI. Several recombinant clones(More)