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Exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the frequent causes of acute respiratory failure. In our study, we aimed to compare helmet with face mask in noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) on patients who had acute respiratory failure because of exacerbation of COPD in intensive care unit (ICU). Thirty patients, taken into(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is an important airway device that was developed in 1983. From the first classic LMA models up to now, LMA models have been developed that are easily and quickly inserted, provide ventilation at higher airway pressures, have lower cuff pressure, a reduced risk of gastric aspiration and cause fewer(More)
BACKGROUND Craniosynostosis is a condition resulting from the premature fusion of cranial sutures. Corrective surgery is often associated with a large amount of blood loss, with transfusion of red blood cells (RBC) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP). The aims of this study were to determine the variables associated with increased blood loss and postoperative(More)
Background and Objective Cerebral vasospasm (CV) is a serious complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with high morbidity and mortality rates. The mechanism of CV has not been determined. There are many theories related to this unsolved issue, one of which supports CV as a two-stage phenomenon from a pathophysiologic perspective. The first stage(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of 20% mannitol and 3% NaCl on blood coagulation in vitro using rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). METHODS Twenty-millilitre blood samples were obtained from 15 volunteers. In each group, 2 mL blood samples were collected into both polypropylene tubes and EDTA tubes for ROTEM and hemogram(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to search the frequency of breakthrough pain (BP) and the efficiency of oral transmucosal fentanyl citrate (OTFC) for the treatment of BP in cancer patients. METHODS One hundred twenty-four patients who had used strong opioid analgesics for more than one month were included in the study. The frequency of BP in those patients was(More)
BACKGROUND Hypotension after anesthesia induction is a common problem and is partly related to patient volume status. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between blood pressure change and pulse pressure variation (PPV), and percentage of weight loss while determining threshold for hypotension by receiver operating characteristic analysis.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the success of ultrasound in pediatric patients in determining the appropriate sized cuffed endotracheal tube and to compare the results with conventional height-based (Broselow) tape and age-based formula tube size. METHODS One hundred and fifty-two children of 1-10 years of age, who(More)
AIM To compare the clinical results of different transcortical approaches for the removal of third ventricular colloid cysts (CC). MATERIAL AND METHODS Records of 41 colloid cyst patients who underwent transcortical conventional microsurgical, microsurgical with the aid of stereotactically guided cylindrical retractor (minitubular), and endoscopic removal(More)
Corrective craniosynostosis surgery is often associated with a large amount of blood loss and metabolic disturbances. In the present study, we investigated the severity, duration of metabolic disturbances, and causal risk factors in infants. A retrospective analysis was performed of 36 infants who underwent craniosynostosis surgery. We analyzed the(More)