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The UK Health and Safety Executive, in conjunction with the Department of the Environment, has carried out a number of surveys of airborne asbestos fibre concentrations in buildings. All samples have been collected on membrane filters and analysed by analytical transmission electron microscopy. Four categories of buildings under normal occupation have been(More)
A survey was conducted to determine the size distribution of airborne man-made mineral fibers in three factories using bulk materials which contain many fibers with diameters less than 0.3 micrometers. Personal samples were taken in two of the factories visited. In all the cases a full length and diameter distribution, determined by transmission electron(More)
Levels of airborne man-made mineral fibres (MMMF) were measured during the insulation of lofts and after the disturbance of the insulation wools. Transmission electron microscopy was used for the analysis. Generally, the personal samples showed fibre levels of up to 0.7 f/ml, whereas static samples showed fibre levels of 0.05 f/ml in the lofts. Little(More)
4H-1,2,4-Benzothiadiazine-1,1-dioxides with various substituents in positions 3, 5, and 7 were synthesized and tested as K(ATP) channel agonists in artificial cell systems (CHO cells transfected with SUR1/Kir6.2, and HEK 293 transfected with SUR2B/Kir6.1) as model systems for insulin-secreting pancreatic beta-cells and for smooth muscle cells, respectively.(More)
A sample of erionite, a fibrous zeolite, was modified by milling to reduce the number and length of the fibres and by extraction with cyclohexane. The in vitro activities of this mineral were found to depend on the presence of long fibres. The erionite contained fewer of these fibres than the UICC asbestos samples but, unlike these materials, erionite can(More)
Three grades of ceramic fibre have been examined for their composition, structures and biological effect in several in vitro assay systems. The fibres were examined in the 'as-manufactured' state and after heating at 1200 and 1400 degrees C. Devitrification of the fibres at 1200 degrees C probably gave mullite crystals on the surface and caused the(More)
A small-scale study was carried out on friction and reinforcing materials containing Kevlar and glass fibres. Kevlar, an aramid fibre, and synthetic silicate fibres are being increasingly used in brake pads and shoes for cars and trucks. The fibre levels given out under abrasion in the laboratory were low. As a comparison, a brake pad containing asbestos(More)
A new method to transfer inorganic particulate material collected on a membrane filter directly onto an evaporated carbon film is described. This allows the advantages of membrane-filter collection to be combined with the analytical capabilities of the transmission electron microscope. The method forms part of a suite of new techniques that allow optical,(More)