Achim Krüger

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Low efficiencies of nonviral gene vectors, the receptor-dependent host tropism of adenoviral or low titers of retroviral vectors limit their utility in gene therapy. To overcome these deficiencies, we associated gene vectors with superparamagnetic nanoparticles and targeted gene delivery by application of a magnetic field. This potentiated the efficacy of(More)
Balanced expression of proteases and their inhibitors is one prerequisite of tissue homeostasis. Metastatic spread of tumor cells through the organism depends on proteolytic activity and is the death determinant for cancer patients. Paradoxically, increased expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), a natural inhibitor of several(More)
Risk assessment and prediction of response to treatment are prerequisites for individualized adjuvant therapy decisions in breast cancer. The strong prognostic impact of the two invasion factors urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), in breast cancer has recently been validated at(More)
Overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) facilitates tumor cell invasion. Synthetic MMP inhibitors such as batimastat have been designed to treat cancer. We report that because of batimastat treatment, human breast carcinoma cells metastasized to the liver in nude mice and that an increase of liver metastases of murine T-cell lymphoma cells was(More)
Proteolysis in close vicinity of tumor cells is a hallmark of cancer invasion and metastasis. We show here that mouse mammary tumor virus-polyoma middle T antigen (PyMT) transgenic mice deficient for the cysteine protease cathepsin B (CTSB) exhibited a significantly delayed onset and reduced growth rate of mammary cancers compared with wild-type PyMT mice.(More)
The L1 cell adhesion molecule is implicated in the control of proliferation, migration, and invasion of several tumor cell types in vitro. Recently, L1 overexpression was found to correlate with tumor progression of ovarian carcinoma, one of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths in gynecologic malignant diseases. To evaluate L1 as a potential(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) recently emerged as a pro-metastatic factor highly associated with poor prognosis in a number of cancers. This correlation seemed paradox as TIMP-1 is best described as an inhibitor of pro-tumourigenic matrix metalloproteinases. Only recently, TIMP-1 has been revealed as a signalling molecule that can(More)
PURPOSE Prognostic and predictive impact of five proteolytic factors associated with tumor invasion and metastasis in primary breast cancer were evaluated after long-term follow-up. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Antigen levels of urokinase-type plasminogen activator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), Cathepsins B, D, and L were determined using(More)
Growth factors like BMP2 have been tested for osteochondral repair, but transfer methods used until now were insufficient. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse if stable BMP2 expression after retroviral vector (Bullet) transduction is able to regenerate osteochondral defects in rabbits. Fibrin clots colonized by control or BMP2-transduced(More)
In many different tumor entities, increased expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (Timp-1) is associated with poor prognosis. We previously reported in mouse models that elevated systemic levels of Timp-1 induce a gene expression signature in the liver microenvironment increasing the susceptibility of this organ to tumor cells. This host(More)