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BACKGROUND Several studies suggest an association between migraine and juvenile stroke. Because of some shortcomings, we designed another case-control study of a homogenous group of patients with juvenile cerebral ischemia. This study is part of a larger German epidemiological research project on the association of migraine with cerebrovascular disease. (More)
Migraine is one of the most frequent disabling neurological conditions with a major impact on the patients' quality of life. To give evidence-based or expert recommendations for the different drug treatment procedures of the different migraine syndromes based on a literature search and an consensus in an expert panel. All available medical reference systems(More)
Impairment of cognitive skills is found in up to 65% of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS). Little is known concerning the natural history or characteristics of progression of these cognitive dysfunctions. Furthermore, it has not been investigated to date whether there are differences in the course of cognitive impairment with respect to(More)
Studies on the treatment of migraine in children and adolescents are rare and difficult to design. In particular, the high placebo response in some trials makes it difficult to prove efficacy of a verum drug. We analysed all available placebo-controlled trials on acute and on prophylactic migraine treatment in children and adolescents with respect to(More)
Patients with HIV infection often complain of cognitive disturbances, which can be related to AIDS dementia or HIV-associated encephalopathy (HIVE). We investigated the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in comparison with other therapeutic regimens on the progression of these cognitive disturbances as measured by visual event-related(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate potential cognitive impairment caused by acute antimigraine drugs. METHODS We conducted a placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study to detect the short-term impact of sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, and ergotamine tartrate on cognitive processing as measured by event-related potentials and a d2 test. Sixteen healthy subjects were(More)
BACKGROUND Migraine is one of the most frequent disabling neurological conditions with a major impact on the patients' quality of life. OBJECTIVES To give evidence-based or expert recommendations for the different drug treatment procedures in the particular migraine syndromes based on a literature search and the consensus of an expert panel. METHODS All(More)
BACKGROUND Headache associated with sexual activity is a well-known primary headache disorder. In contrast, some case reports in the literature suggest that sexual activity during a migraine or cluster headache attack might relieve the pain in at least some patients. We performed an observational study among patients of a tertiary headache clinic. METHODS(More)
Botulinum toxin A has been suggested to be effective in the prophylactic treatment of migraine. However, only very few randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies are available. We designed such a study with a specific focus on different injection sites. Sixty patients with a migraine according to the criteria of the International Headache Society(More)
OBJECTIVES Almost 100 years after the first report of the thalamic syndrome, the scientific basis for the treatment of central post-stroke pain (CPSP) is remarkably small. Therefore, the authors aimed to provide evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of CPSP. METHODS The authors performed a systematic review of the literature on the(More)