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OBJECTIVES Dose reduction has become a major issue in computed tomography (CT). The benefit of kilovolt (kV) reduction has been demonstrated in CT angiography. We sought to evaluate an attenuation-based fully automated kV-selection and milliampere second-adaption algorithm for CT and to assess radiation dose and image quality in comparison with a standard(More)
INTRODUCTION Low tube voltage allows for computed tomography (CT) imaging with increased iodine contrast at reduced radiation dose. We sought to evaluate the image quality and potential dose reduction using a combination of attenuation based tube current modulation (TCM) and automated tube voltage adaptation (TVA) between 100 and 120 kV in CT of the head(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate and report cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission through donor artificial insemination (AI) before 1986 at five infertility clinics. DESIGN Two types of look-back studies were performed: (1) identification of an HIV-infected woman who reported previous AI, followed by identification of the infected donor(s) and(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate the radiation dose and image quality performance of thoracoabdominal examinations with an automated tube voltage selection (tube voltage adaptation), tube current modulation, and high pitch using a third-generation dual-source computed tomography (CT) compared intraindividually with 120-kV examinations(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of restriction of movement on the functional characteristics and myosin heavy chain composition of m. vastus medialis. The subjects of this study were 13 arthroscopically treated patients with meniscus lesions (both men and women, mean age 28 years). All measurements were performed and biopsies were(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate an automated attenuation-based kV-selection in computed tomography of the chest in respect to radiation dose and image quality, compared to a standard 120 kV protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS 104 patients were examined using a 128-slice scanner. Fifty examinations (58 ± 15 years, study group) were performed using the automated(More)
BACKGROUND Dual-source CT offers accurate depiction of cardiac structures in children with congenital heart disease. For cardiac CT, optimal enhancement of the cardiovascular structures is essential. There is considerable controversy about the administration of contrast medium (CM) in infants and small children, with either a power injector or a manual(More)
Isokinetic torque deficit of the knee extensor muscles in the operated leg was measured in 21 male patients (mean age 26.4 +/- 1.9 years) who had undergone arthroscopic partial medial meniscectomy. The isokinetic torque testing was performed 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively using the Cybex II dynamometer according to standard technique. Isokinetic knee(More)
The relationship between CD4 T-lymphocyte counts and infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is retrospectively investigated for 266 HIV-infected and uninfected children who were born to infected women, including 39 with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), in a population-based surveillance study. Of 21 perinatally HIV-infected children with(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation exposure occurs in X-ray guided interventional procedures or computed tomography (CT) and γ-H2AX-foci are recognized to represent DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) as a biomarker for radiation induced damage. Antioxidants may reduce the induction of γ-H2AX-foci by binding free radicals. The aim of this study was to establish a dose-effect(More)