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BACKGROUND Tuberculosis infection among medical students is thought to be higher than that among comparable groups. OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of positive Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) and associated factors among medical students at Makerere University. METHODS A-cross-sectional study among randomly selected medical students. Using(More)
BACKGROUND Uganda's Ministry of Health registered a 12% increase in new Tuberculosis (TB) cases between 2001 and 2005. Of these, 20% were from Kampala district and most from Mulago national referral hospital where the largest and the oldest medical school is found. Medical students are likely to have an increased exposure to TB infection due to their(More)
Stakeholders agree that supporting high-quality diagnostics is essential if we are to continue to make strides in the fight against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis. Despite the need to strengthen existing laboratory infrastructure, which includes expanding and developing new laboratories, there are clear diagnostic needs where(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate diagnosis and suboptimal control of hypertension is a major driver of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in Africa. Understanding the levels of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and the associated factors has important implications for hypertension control efforts. METHODS The PubMed database was searched for(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of single scanty or positive sputum smear results and its impact on the surveillance definition of sputum smear-positive tuberculosis (TB). SETTING Moldova, Mongolia, Uganda and Zimbabwe. METHODS A representative sample of laboratories was selected in each country. Data were double-entered and discordances resolved(More)
SETTING Tuberculosis (TB) microscopy network in Moldova, Mongolia, Uganda and Zimbabwe. OBJECTIVE To evaluate how scrutinising the information recorded in the TB Laboratory Register can assist in improving the performance of the microscopy laboratory network and TB case management. METHODS Review of records for completeness in registration of age, sex,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the availability of standard instruments for evaluating health-related quality life (HRQoL), the feasibility, reliability, and validity of such instruments among tuberculosis (TB) patients in different populations of sub-Saharan Africa where TB burden is of concern, is still lacking. OBJECTIVE We established the feasibility,(More)
BACKGROUND Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) is being widely adopted in high TB burden countries. Analysis is needed to guide the placement of devices within health systems to optimize the tuberculosis (TB) case detection rate (CDR). METHODS We used epidemiological and operational data from Uganda (139 sites serving 87,600 individuals tested for TB) to perform a(More)
SETTING Twenty-four and 30 tuberculosis (TB) microscopy laboratories in Moldova and Uganda, respectively. OBJECTIVE To estimate the workload required to identify one additional case of TB with a third serial sputum smear examination. METHODS Retrospective laboratory register study to determine the prevalence and the incremental yield of TB cases from a(More)
We assessed the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of Internet-based telepathology compared with conventional microscopic examination. A total of 96 cases from the routine workload of the Department of Pathology at the Mulago Hospital in Uganda were examined by robotic telemicroscopy via the Internet at the Fuerth Hospital in Germany. The telepathology(More)