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1. Nitric oxide (NO), peroxynitrite, formed from NO and superoxide anion, poly (ADP-ribole) synthetase have been implicated as mediators of neuronal damage following focal ischaemia. Here we have investigated the effects of n-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment in Mongolian gerbils subjected to cerebral ischaemia. 2. Treatment of gerbils with NAC (20 mg kg(-1)(More)
NMDA receptors and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) have been reported to be highly concentrated in the postsynaptic density (PSD). Although the possibility that CaMKII in PSD might be associated with specific proteins has been put forward, the protein or proteins determining the targeting of the kinase in PSD have not yet been identified. Here(More)
A double methylazoxymethanol (MAM) intraperitoneal injection was prenatally administered to pregnant rats at gestational day 15 to induce developmental brain dysgeneses. Thirty adult rats from 8 different progenies were investigated with a combined electrophysiological and neuroanatomical analysis. The offspring of treated dams was characterized by(More)
Large evidence showing an association between depression and tobacco smoking is known. Nicotine is the active chemical responsible for smoking addiction, and its withdrawal may induce in smokers greater sensitivity to stress. Our aim has been to investigate the links between tobacco addiction and depression by studying the long-term effects of repeated(More)
OBJECTIVE Splanchnic artery occlusion shock (SAO) causes an enhanced formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which contribute to the pathophysiology of shock. Here we have investigated the effects of n-acetylcysteine (NAC), a free radical scavenger, in rats subjected to SAO shock. METHODS AND RESULTS Treatment of rats with NAC (applied at 20 mg/kg, 5(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently demonstrated that 17beta-estradiol (E2) inhibits the increase of inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) activity in selected model systems such as macrophages, microglia, smooth muscle cells, and proposed that this effect might be associated with an anti-inflammatory activity of this hormone. Here we investigate the effects of(More)
The plant Hypericum perforatum is used in folk medicine to treat several diseases and research attention has been recently focused on its antidepressant action. Hypericin and flavonoids are the most important constituents of the plant, but the exact role of these compounds in the effects of hypericum on mood disorders is not well known. We have investigated(More)
The effect of adjunctive fluoxetine on negative schizophrenic symptoms was evaluated in 34 chronic schizophrenic in-patients on maintenance therapy with neuroleptics. They received randomly, on a double-blind basis, fluoxetine (20 mg/day) or placebo for 12 weeks. In the fluoxetine group, three patients dropped out because of side effects. Negative symptoms,(More)
BACKGROUND Small intestine permeability is frequently altered in inflammatory bowel disease and may be caused by the translocation of intestinal toxins through leaky small intestine tight junctions (TJ) and adherence (1,2). The role of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and nitric oxide (NO) and PARS in the permeability and structure of small intestine TJ is not(More)