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We present a bottom-up aggregation approach to image segmentation. Beginning with an image, we execute a sequence of steps in which pixels are gradually merged to produce larger and larger regions. In each step, we consider pairs of adjacent regions and provide a probability measure to assess whether or not they should be included in the same segment. Our(More)
Finding salient, coherent regions in images is the basis for many visual tasks, and is especially important for object recognition. Human observers perform this task with ease, relying on a system in which hierarchical processing seems to have a critical role. Despite many attempts, computerized algorithms have so far not demonstrated robust segmentation(More)
We describe a framework for multiscale image analysis in which line segments play a role analogous to the role played by points in wavelet analysis. The framework has five key components. The beamlet dictionary is a dyadically-organized collection of line segments, occupying a range of dyadic locations and scales, and occurring at a range of orientations.(More)
In this paper we generalize and improve the multiscale organization of graphs by introducing a new measure that quantifies the " closeness " between two nodes. The calculation of the measure is linear in the number of edges in the graph and involves just a small number of relaxation sweeps. A similar notion of distance is then calculated and used at each(More)
We present a novel automatic multiscale algorithm applied to segmentation of anatomical structures in brain MRI. The algorithm which is derived from algebraic multigrid, uses a graph representation of the image and performs a coarsening process that produces a full hierarchy of segments. Our main contribution is the incorporation of prior knowledge(More)
Laplacian matrices of graphs arise in large-scale computational applications such as semi-supervised machine learning; spectral clustering of images, genetic data and web pages; transportation network flows; electrical resistor circuits; and elliptic partial differential equations discretized on unstructured grids with finite elements. A Lean Algebraic(More)
We introduce a multiscale approach that combines segmentation with classification to detect abnormal brain structures in medical imagery, and demonstrate its utility in automatically detecting multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions in 3-D multichannel magnetic resonance (MR) images. Our method uses segmentation to obtain a hierarchical decomposition of a(More)
Texture segmentation is a difficult problem, as is apparent from camouflage pictures. A Textured region can contain texture elements of various sizes, each of which can itself be textured. We approach this problem using a bottom-up aggregation framework that combines structural characteristics of texture elements with filter responses. Our process(More)
ÐThe detection of smooth curves in images and their completion over gaps are two important problems in perceptual grouping. In this study, we examine the notion of completion energy of curve elements, showing, and exploiting its intrinsic dependence on length and width scales. We introduce a fast method for computing the most likely completion between two(More)