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Subclasses of opiate receptor binding sites in human brain membranes were investigated by means of competitive binding techniques. The experimental data were analyzed by use of a computerized non-linear regression curve fitting program. mu-, delta-and chi-types of opiate binding were found in 5 different regions of the brain. A more extensive analysis of(More)
The distribution of immunoreactive dynorphin (ir-dyn) has been determined in various regions of human brain and pituitary by use of a highly specific radioimmunoassay. The concentrations of ir-dyn in the substantia nigra (24.5 pmol/g) and hypothalamus were among the highest in the 26 brain areas examined. Substantial amounts were also measurable in other(More)
In various areas of rat and human brain and spinal cord the distributions of opioid peptides derived from the proenkephalin A precursor, the heptapeptide [Met]enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 (MERF), the octapeptide [Met]enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8 (MERGL), and bovine adrenal medulla dodecapeptide (BAM-12P), were determined by a combination of radioimmunoassay, gel(More)
By use of specific antisera, the distributions of immunoreactive dynorphin (ir-DYN), alpha-neo-endorphin (ir-alpha-NEO), Met-enkephalin (ir-MET) and substance P (ir-SP) were evaluated in discrete regions of human spinal cord and spinal ganglia. The relative concentrations of immunoreactive peptides in particular regions were as follows: sacral greater than(More)
Concentrations of methionine-enkephalin- (Met-enkephalin) and beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivities were determined in 33 areas of human brain and pituitary using highly sensitive radioimmunoassays in combination with affinity chromatography for the purification of beta-endorphin. It was found that they have quite different distribution patterns,(More)
The regional levels' profile of human beta-endorphin (beta h-EP) was studied in the brainstem and the cerebellum of 16 infant victims of "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome" and other death causes. An immunoaffinity chromatography procedure based on a monoclonal antibody directed specifically against the N-terminus of beta-EP was used to extract this peptide from(More)
Behavioral reactions (submissive postures, escape, immobility, activity, locomotion) in C57BL/6 and DBA/2 test mice were recorded during single (50 bites) or three repeated (3 X 50 bites, separated by 24 hr) aggressive confrontations, as well as during a nonaggressive confrontation 24 hr after the last aggressive confrontation with opponents of the opposite(More)
The present study characterizes the time course of social conflict analgesia and its reversibility by opioid antagonist drugs in the C57BL/6 and DBA/2 inbred strains of mice and examines the relationship between alterations in brain and pituitary levels of beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (beta-ELIR) and the antinociception elicited by social stress.(More)
We investigated a Kyasanur Forest disease outbreak in Karnataka, India during December 2013-April 2014. Surveillance and retrospective study indicated low vaccine coverage, low vaccine effectiveness, and spread of disease to areas beyond those selected for vaccination and to age groups not targeted for vaccination. To control disease, vaccination strategies(More)
The 'pro-opiocortin' fragments, beta-lipotropin, beta-endorphin, ACTH and alpha-MSH, were estimated in discrete areas of rat and human brain and pituitaries by means of radioimmunoassay in combination with gelfiltration. These peptides exhibited parallel patterns of distribution, but with beta-endorphin and alpha-MSH predominant in the brain of rat and man,(More)