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Phytases are phosphohydrolytic enzymes that initiate stepwise removal of phosphate from phytate. Simple-stomached species such as swine, poultry, and fish require extrinsic phytase to digest phytate, the major form of phosphorus in plant-based feeds. Consequently, this enzyme is supplemented in these species' diets to decrease their phosphorus excretion,(More)
Extracellular phytase from Aspergillus ficuum, a glycoprotein, was purified to homogeneity in 3 column chromatographic steps using ion exchange and chromatofocusing. Results of gel filtration chromatography and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated the approximate molecular weight of the native protein to be 85-100-KDa. On the basis of a(More)
Soybean phytase (myo-inositol-hexakisphosphate phosphohydrolase; EC 3.1.3.8) was purified from 10-day-old germinating cotyledons using a four-step purification scheme. Phytase was separable from the major acid phosphatase present, and stained as a minor band of the three acid phosphatases detectable by activity staining after gel electrophoresis. The(More)
An Aspergillus niger (ficuum) genomic DNA lambda EMBL3 library was probed with a 354-bp DNA fragment obtained by polymerase chain reaction of A. niger DNA with oligonucleotides based on partial amino acid sequence of a pH 2.5 optimum acid phosphatase. A clone containing a 1605 bp segment (phyB) encoding the 479 amino acid enzyme was isolated and found to(More)
PhyA gene products of Aspergillus ficuum (AF) and Peniophora lycii (PL) as expressed in industrial strains of Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus oryzae, respectively, were purified to homogeneity and then characterized for both physical and biochemical properties. The PL phytase is 26 amino acid residues shorter than the AF phytase. Dynamic light scattering(More)
Environmental pollution by phosphorus from animal waste is a major problem in agriculture because simple-stomached animals, such as swine, poultry, and fish, cannot digest phosphorus (as phytate) present in plant feeds. To alleviate this problem, a phytase from Aspergillus niger PhyA is widely used as a feed additive to hydrolyze phytate-phosphorus.(More)
Two doublets of Bacillus subtilis membrane proteins with molecular weights of 69,000 and 71,000 and of 30,000 and 30,800, were labeled by C3H3 transfer in the absence of protein synthesis. In addition, there was intense methylation of several low-molecular-weight substances. Both doublets were missing in a chemotaxis mutant. The equivalent proteins in(More)
Since its discovery in 1907, a complex of technological developments has created a potential $500 million market for phytase as an animal feed additive. During the last 30 years, research has led to increased use of soybean meal and other plant material as protein sources in animal feed. One problem that had to be overcome was the presence of(More)
A rapid purification scheme utilizing three chromatographic steps resulted in 6 fold purification of Aspergillus ficuum phytase (myo-inositol-hexakisphosphate 3-phosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.3.8). At pH 5.0 and 60 degrees C the enzyme performed acceptably for 2.0 hr with only 30% diminished catalytic rate at the end. Substrate concentration exceeding 2mM was(More)